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RAD Position Final

Radiography Positioning Final Exam

Partial displacement of a bone from the joint Subluxation
Best demonstrates a right lung pneumothorax on a patient who cannot stand Left lateral decubitus chest
CR skims a body surface Tangential
Exams that use a non-ionic iodinated contrast ERCP, Arthrogram, Cholangiogram
Location of BaSO4 in the RAO stomach Body and pylorus
IR placement for the Danelius Miller Hip Parallel to the femoral neck
Divides the body into anterior and posterior sections Coronal plane
Describe the male pelvis Heavier, deeper, more narrow, pelvic inlet more oval/heart shaped, pubic arch <90
Bones between the phalanges and the carpals Metacarpals
Path of the beam Projection
Head lower than the feet Trendelenburg
Posterior BE obliques best demonstrate Upside flexures RPO-left colic LPO-right colic
Joint between the proximal and distal phalanx of the thumb Interphalangeal joint
Routine calcaneus Plantodorsal axial and lateral
Fracture of the distal radius with posterior displacement Colle's
Best demonstrates the scaphoid Ulnar deviation
TRUE or FALSE: The head of the ulna is proximal False
Hand position for an AP forearm Supinated
Study to evaluate the biliary and pancreatic ducts ERCP
Study that demonstrates the menisci, bursae and ligaments of a joint after the injection of positive and/or negative contrast Arthrography
Location of the stomach in the hyposthenic patient elongated and J-shaped
A patient with fluid in the left lung who cannot stand would require a... Lt lateral decubitus chest
Reason to roll shoulders forward on a CXR To remove scapula from the lung field
What does the head of the radius articulate with Capitulum
CR for Camp Coventry method Perpendicular to lower leg
Functional study of the anus and rectum DP
Phases observed during fluoro on the DP Evacuation (straining) and resting phases
What is the CR placed parallel to for the AP and OBL knees Tibial plateau
Best demonstrated on an AP internal rotation shoulder Lesser tubercle in profile medially
CR for the Decubitus Abdomen 2" above the iliac crest to include the diaphragm
What is COPD Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Includes Chronic Bronchitis and Emphysema
What hand position would best demonstrate a foreign body Extension lateral
Angle toward the head Cephalic or Cephalad
Prep for an UGI, adult, child and infant NPO after midnight, 6 hours, 4 hours
Where the ilium, ischium, and pubis fuse Acetabulum
CR for AP toes 10-15 degrees toward the heel and to the MTP
Routine for an ACBE Bilat Decubs, sigmoid, xtl rectum, obl's, AP or PA,
Breathing instructions for a routine chest Second full inspiration
kVp for an ACBE 90
Why is a chest x-ray performed erect drop diaphragm, reduce magnification of the heart, demonstrate air/fluid levels
Pathologies visualized on a BE Colon Ca, polyps, diverticula, volvulus, intussusception, colitis
Best demonstrates the base of the 5th metatarsal Medial Obl Foot
Divides the body into equal right and left halves Mid-sagittal plane
The tunnel projection demonstrates The intercondylar fossa
What separates the true and the false pelvis Pelvic Brim or Superior Aperture
Explain Jones method elbow trauma views Elbow is flexed more than 90 degrees, take one image centered to elbow joint and perpendicular to forearm, one to humerus
What will provide uniform density on images of long bones like the femur Anode heel
Position of the foot for AP hip/pelvis Inverted 15 degrees
Done post GB sx, to rule out residual stones T-Tube cholangiogram
Rule for angling the tube for AP/Obl knees <19 cm, 3-5 caudad, 19-24 cm perpendicular beam, >24 cm 3-5 cephalad
ERCP Indications Biliary stones, stenosis, tumors
Bones that make up the ankle joint Talus, tibia and fibula
Routine chest positions/projections PA/Lat
Best demonstrated on elbow obliques Med Obl-coronoid process, Lat Obl-radial head and neck
Location of Barium on an AP Stomach Fundus
Proper position of a lateral elbow Humerus and forearm in same plane, epicondyles superimposed, thumb up, 90 degrees
Additive disease processes Ascites, pulmonary effusion, lung cancer, TB, Atelectasis
The esophagus is located Anterior to the spine and posterior to the trachea
What is anatomic position Erect with hands and palms facing forward
Position with the patients left side against the IR, beam enters the right side of the body LT lateral
Position of the thumb on a PA Hand Med Obl
CR for the PA Chest MSP and level of T-7
SID for Chest radiography 72"
Demonstrates free air in the abdomen Upright, LT Lat Decubitus, (dorsal or ventral decub), PA Chest
Where will an aspirated foreign body most likely lodge Right main stem bronchus
Structures located in the LUQ Stomach, spleen, Lt colic flexure, Tail of pancreas, left kidney
Joints that have a capsule Synovial
Three parts of the small intestine Duodenum, Jejunum, and Ileum
Direction of the enema tip when placing Anteriorly, toward the umbilicus
Bone of the lower leg that bears the weight of the body Tibia
CR for lateral knee is directed 5-7 degrees cephalad, 1" distal to the medial epicondyle
Transthoracic lateral best demonstrates Lateral of the proximal humerus
Routine Single BE Scout, AP/PA, both Anterior or Posterior OBL's, Sigmoid, Lat Rectum, Post-Evac
Fluoro room set up includes Position monitor, bucky to end of table, overhead tube to side, pedal available, timer reset, kVp set
Routine finger images PA, (thumb AP) OBL (med 1,2 lat 3,4,5) and Lat (med 1,2 lat 3,4,5)
Define involuntary motion Patient cannot control. Requires short exposure time and high mA, -heartbeat, muscle spasm
Makes up the shoulder joint Glenoid fossa, head of the humerus
Tube inserted to keep a duct open during an ERCP Stent placement
Routine hip positions/projections AP Pelvis, Frog Lateral Hip
CR for a KUB MSP and level of the Iliac crest
Shape of the thorax for the hypersthenic patient broad and deep from front to back
Explain the timing sequence for the SBS Timing begins when the patient ingests the first cup of barium. Images taken every 15 minutes for the first hour, 30 after that
Before imaging a patient the tech must Identify the patient, get LMP, verify order with req, remove opaque items from area of interest, get hx, explain procedure
Routine for a clavicle AP and AP Axial centered to mid-clavicle and collimated to the clavicle
Position in which the patient is supine with the left side elevate and the right side in contact with the table RPO
Routine positions/projections of the thumb AP, med obl, lat
Determines a good inspiratory chest 10 posterior ribs above the diaphragm
What should you do if the patient cannot extend their arm for an AP elbow 2 in partial flexion centered to the elbow joint, 1 with the forearm in contact with the IR, 1 with the humerus in contact
What must the patient complete prior to the BE A cathartic bowel prep
CR Location for a PA hand 3rd MCP joint
Routine femur positions/projections AP and Lateral, Proximal and Distal
Degree of rotation for oblique knees 45 degrees
Study that requires patient to ingest Ba, PA images taken at 15 minute intervals until it reaches the TI SBS
What must be included on the KUB Symphysis pubis
What must be included on the upright abdomen Diaphragm
Distal portion of the tibia Medial malleolus
Common GB abnormality Cholelithiasis
Demonstrated with a 15-20 medial rotation of the ankle Mortise joint
Common location for ulcers Stomach and duodenum
CR for a lateral scapula Mid-medial (vertebral) border
Decreasing the angle of a joint Flexion
The flat superior surfaces of the proximal tibia Tibial plateaus
CR for AP shoulder projections 1" inferior to the coracoid process
Position/projection that best demonstrates the Esophagus RAO
Chest position/projection that will best demonstrate a pneumothorax Expiration
How are AC joints performed Bilateral, with and without weights at 72" SID
Method of demonstrating a tangential patella with the patient prone Settegast, Hughston
Indications for an UGI GERD, gastritis, nausea, vomiting, ulcer
Most superior portion of the large intestine LT Colic flexure
Term describing nearness to a source Proximal
Rotation is seen on a chest x-ray as Ribs that are not superimposed, Clavicles are not equal distance from the sternum
Rounded bump on the anterior, proximal tibia Tibial tuberosity
CR on the AP Foot 10 toward the heel, to the base of the 3rd metatarsal
Demonstrates the lungs free of clavicular superimposition Apical Lordotic Chest
Rule for alignment of fractures 2 views, 90 degrees apart
Position of the epicondyles on a lateral humerus Perpendicular to the IR
The asthenic body habitus is The smallest body type, may be emaciated
Bony landmarks used to locate the femoral head and neck ASIS and symphysis pubis
Name the proximal and distal row of carpals Proximal-Scaphoid, Lunate, Triquetrum, Pisiform Distal-Trapezium, Trapezoid, Capitate, Hamate
Toward the midline or center Medial
Anatomy that is not visible on a properly positioned AP Hip or Pelvis Lesser Trochanters
Radiation protection includes Shielding, asking and documenting LMP, ruling out pregnancy
Position/projection that will best demonstrate a shoulder dislocation Scapular Y
What must be ruled out prior to performing AC joints Shoulder fx
Term for flexing the foot back toward the ankle Dorsiflexion
Created by: EHodgis