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Executive Branch

Executive Branch Vocabulary

TermDefinition
Administration A team of executive branch officials appointed by each president
Ambassador a diplomatic agent of the highest rank accredited to a foreign government or sovereign as the resident representative of his or her own government or sovereign or appointed for a special and often temporary diplomatic assignment.
Biennial taking place every other year
Budget an estimate of income and expenditure for a set period of time
Bureaucracy An organization of government departments, agencies, and offices
Cabinet an important group of policy advisers to the president, made up of executive department heads and a few other officials
Checks and Balances system used in order to keep one branch of government from getting too powerful
Commission A group of people, or planning board, appointed to a certain job by a local government
Commute to change a prison sentence to a less severe one
Diplomacy conducting negotiations and maintaining relations between nations
Electoral College a body of people representing the states of the United States
Electors people who promise to cast votes for the candidate selected by voters
Embacy the official residence or offices of an ambassador
Executive Agencies part of a government department that is treated as managerially and budgetarily separate
Executive Departments branch of federal and state government that is broadly responsible for implementing, supporting, and enforcing the laws made by the legislative branch and interpreted by the judicial branch.
Federalism The division of powers between the states and the federal, or national, government
Government governing body of a nation, state or community
Impeach When a majority of the members of the house of representatives accuse the president or other high government official, such as a federal judge, of serious wrongdoing
Order of Succession the order in which individuals are expected to succeed one another in some official position line
Pardon a government decision to allow a person who has been convicted of a crime, to be free and absolved of that conviction, as if never convicted
Regulatory Commission United States government agency, established in 1977 to oversee the country's transmission and pricing of a variety of energy resources
Reprieve presidential power to postpone the execution of a sentence imposed by a court of law
State of the Union an annual message to Congress in which the president reports on the state of the nation and outlines a legislative program
Separation of Powers dividing government power between legislative, executive, and judicial branch
Veto Presidents power of rejected a bill and sending it back to Congress to be voted on again.
Created by: Hunter R