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9Sci CH 5 Energy

Energy

QuestionAnswer
Energy the ability to cause change
Heat thermal energy that flows from warmer material to cooler material
Kinetic Energy energy in the form of motion
Law of Conservation of Energy energy can change form but cannot be created or destroyed under ordinary conditions
Mechanical Energy the total amount of kinetic energy and potential energy in a system
Potential Energy stored energy
Specific Heat amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 kg of a material 1K
Temperature a measure of the average kinetic energy of moving particles that make up a sample of matter
Thermal Energy total energy of a material’s particles, including kinetic energy and potential energy
Thermal Pollution when waste heat raises temperature of environment
Work transfer of energy through motion
Kinetic Energy the greater the mass and velocity of a moving object, the more ____ it has
Potential Energy the amount depends on position or condition
Specific Heat measured in joules per kilogram per kelvin
Work equals force times distance
Created by: hockettd