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Cardio Assess Unit 6

SPC Cardiopulmonary Assessment Unit 6 Exam 3 (Electrolyte)

QuestionAnswer
Normal electrolyte value for sodium? 135-145 mEq/L
Normal electrolyte value for Potassium? 2.5-5.0 mEq/L
Normal electrolyte value for Chloride? 95-1.5 mEq/L
What is Hyponatremia? Sodium <135 mEq/L
Causes and Signs of Hyponatremia? Causes: Sweating, Burns, Diuretics Signs: Abdominal cramps, Muscle twitching
What is Hypernatremia? Sodium >145 mEq/L
Causes and Signs of Hypernatremia? Causes: Dehydration, Hyperaldosteronism Signs: Excessive thirst, Dry tongue
What is Hypokalemia? Potassium <3.5 mEq/L
Causes and Signs of Hypokalemia? Causes: Vomiting, Diarrhea, Diuretics Signs: U-wave, "Flat" T waves, depressed ST segment
What is Hyperkalemia? Potassium >5.0 mEq/L
Causes and Signs of Hyperkalemia? Causes: Tissue Cell breakdown, renal failure, Signs: Peaked/tall T-waves, Wide QRS
What is Hypochloremia? Chloride <95 mEq/L
Causes and Signs of Hypochloremia? Causes: Vomiting, Diuretics Signs: Metabolic Alkalosis
What is Hyperchloremia? Chloride >105 mEq/L
Causes and Signs of Hyperchloremia? Causes: Diarrhea, Nephritis Signs: Metabolic Acidosis, Hyperventilation
Created by: Langhout1418