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Kines Skull & spine

ch 8 review

QuestionAnswer
Which vertebrae is considered the axis C-2
Which vertebrae is considered the atlas C-1
True ribs 1-7
False ribs 8-12
Floating ribs 11-12
Lordosis is the curvature at which vertebral segments Cervical and Lumbar
Kyphosis is the curvature at which vertebral segments thoracic and sacro-coccygeal
bony landmarks of the skull occipital protuberence, superior nuchal line, occipital condyles, foramen magnum, inferior nuchal line, mastoid process
True or False The cervical and lumbar regions are both normally lordotic. True
The central fluid-filled portion of the intervertebral disc is called the Nucleus pulposis
Which vertebrae possess transverse foramina?  Cervical
The lumbar region allows the most motion in the:  Saggital plane
The craniocervical region allows the most motion in the:  Horizontal plane
Which motion of the lumbar spine results in a posterior migration of the nucleus pulposus of an intervertebral disc?  Flexion
An anterior pelvic tilt is naturally accompanied by:  Increased lordosis of the lumbar spine
Which of the following motions decreases the diameter of the intervertebral foramen?  Extension
What is anterior spondylolisthesis Anterior slippage, or translation, of one vertebra relative to another
Forward flexion of the lumbar spine involves:  Increased diameter of the intervertebral foramen and posterior migration of the nucleus pulposus
Torticollis is typically caused by tightness of the SCM
True or False Activation of the right external oblique produces rotation to the right. True
Which muscles or muscle groups are involved when producing an anterior pelvic tilt? Erector spinae and hip flexors
True or False Scoliosis refers primarily to a frontal plane deviation in the thoracolumbar regions of the vertebral column. True
The multifidis is part of which muscle group Transversospinal
Lateral flexion of the cervical spine occurs in the frontal plane
Performing a sit up requires the activation of which muscles Rectus abdominis and Iliopsoas
The right quadratus lumborum is able to Hike the right side of the pelvis
Thoracic outlet syndrome is often the result of tightness or excessive hypertrophy of the: Anterior and middle scalenes
Which muscle is considered the "corset" muscle transverse abdominis
True or False A posterior pelvic tilt involves activation of the abdominal muscles True
True or False The dens is a bony projection found on the first cervical vertebrae.  False.
True or False The amount of lateral flexion that occurs in the thoracic region is largely limited by the articulation of the ribs with the thoracic vertebrae.  True
True or False The cervical vertebrae have the widest, thickest bodies of all the vertebrae.  False
True or False An individual with an anterior spondylolisthesis in the lumbar region would likely perform hyperextension exercises as part of a therapeutic regimen.  False
True or False About one half of the rotation available to the head and neck occurs from motion at the atlanto-axial joint.  True
True or False The facet (apophyseal) joint surfaces of most lumbar vertebrae are oriented largely in the frontal plane.  False
True or False A posterior pelvic tilt typically results in a decreased diameter of the lumbar intervertebral foramina.  False
True or False The spinal nerves exit the vertebral column through the transverse foramina.  False
True or False The craniocervical region typically allows 90 degrees of axial rotation to each side.  True
Created by: bsa8581