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RAD 110

Terms Chp 19-20 Imaging Patient Care

Apnea cessation of spontaneous ventalilation
Atelectasis absence of gas from part or the whole of the lungs as a result of failure of expansion or reabsorption of gas from the alveoli
Auscultation listening to sounds of the body, typically through the use of a stethoscope
Body temperature measurement of the degree of heat of the deep tissues of the human body
Bradycardia slowness of the heartbeat as evidenced by slowing the of the pulse rate to less than 60 beats per minute
Bradypnea abnormal slowness of breathing
Diaphoresis profuse sweating
Diastolic pertaining to dilation or period of relaxation of the heart, especially of the ventricles
Dyspnea difficult or labored breathing
Febrile pertaining to or characterized by fever
Homeostasis constancy in the internal environment of the body
Hypertension persistently high arterial blood pressure
Hyperthermia abnormally high body temperature
Hypotension abnormally low blood pressure ; seen in shock
Hypothermis low body temperature
Hypoxia reduction of oxygen supply to tissue
Intubation insertion of tubular device into a canal, hollow organ, or cavity
Orthopnea difficulty breathing except when sitting up or standing erect
Pleural Effusion increased amounts of fluid withing the pleural cavity, usually result of inflammation
Pneumothorax presence of air or gas in the pleural cavity
Pulse Oximeter photoelectric device used for determining the oxygen saturation of the blood
Sphygmomanometer instrument used for measuring blood pressure
Systolic pertaining to tightening or a period of contraction of the heart especially that of the ventricles
Tachycardia rapidity of the heart , usually defined as a heart heart greater than 100 beats per minute
Tachypnea abnormal rapidity of breathing
Tidal volume volume of air inhaled or exhaled during one respiratory cycle
Ventilation mechanical movement of air into and out of the lungs
Action Potential process of depolarization and repolarization of the cardiac membrane
Arrhythmia irregularity of cardiac actions
Asystole no evidence of any cardiac neuroconductive activity -full cardiac arrest
Automaticity process whereby cardiac cell membranes spontaneously depolarize at recurrent periods
Bradycardia slowness of the heartbeat as evidenced by slowing of the pulse rate to less than 60 beats per minute
Cardiac Cycle events that occur from the beginning of one ventricular contraction (systole) to the beginning of another
Cardiac Output amount of blood ejected from the ventricles each minute --calculated as the product of stroke volume times heart rate
Depolarization myocardial cells are stimulated to contract
Fibrillation quivering contraction of cardiac muscle fibers
Repolarization myocardial muscle cells relax
Tachycardia heart rate above 100 beats per minute
Asepsis freedom from infection
Bacteria Prokaryotic, single-celled organism
Bloodborne pathogen disease causing microorganism that may be present in the human blood
Chemotherapy treatment of disease by chemical agents
Cyst stage in the life of certain parasites during which they are enclosed in a protective wall
Dimorphic occurring in two distinct forms
Diseases deviations from or interruptions of the normal structure or function of any part, organ, or system of the body that are exhibited by a character of symptoms and signs and whose cause, pathologic mechanism, and prognosis may be known or unknown
Disinfectants chemicals used to free an environment from pathogenic organisms or to render such organisms inert
Eukaroyes organisms whose cells have a true nuckleus
Flora microbial community found on or in a healthy person
Fomite object such as a book, wooden object, or article of clothing, that is not in itself harmful but is able to harbor pathogenic microorganisms and thus may serve as an agent of transmission of an infection
Fungi general term used to denote a group of eukaryotic protist-including mushrooms, yeast, rusts, molds , and smuts-that are characterized by the absence of chlorophyll and by the presence of a rigid cell wall
Host animam or plant that harbors or nourishes another organism
Iatrogenic resulting from the activities of physicians
Immunity security against a particular disease
Infection invasion and multiplication of microorganisms in body tissues
Medical Asepsis reduction in numbers of infectious agents which in turn decrease the probability of infection but does not necessarily reduce it to zero
Miccroganism microscopic organisms; those of medical interest include bacteria, viruses, fungi, and protozoa
Nosocomial pertaining to or originating in the hospital ---eg. infection not present before admission but present after 72 hours
Pathogens disease-producing microorganism
Prokaryotes cellular organism that lack a true nucleus
Protozoa sub-kingdom comprising the simplest organisms of the animal kingdom-unicellular organisms
Reservoir alternative or passive host or carrier that harbors pathogenic organism without injury to itself, and serves as a source from which other individuals can be infected
Standard precautions precautions to prevent the transmission of disease by body fluids and substances
Sterilization complete destruction or elimination of all living microorganisms (dry or moist) chemical agents, or mechanical methods
Surgical Asepsis procedure used to prevent contamination by microbes and endospores before, during, and after surgery using sterile technique
Vaccine suspension of attenuated or killed microorganism administered for the prevention . improvement, or treatment of infectious disease
Vector Carrier, especially an animal that transfers an infective agent from one host to another (mosquito)
Virion complete viral particle found extracellularly and capable of surviving in crystallized form and infecting a living cell
Viruses any group of minute infectious agents with ability ti replicate only within living host cells ...not on its own
endogenously transmitted from inside the body
exogenously transmitted from outside the body
HPV human papillomavirus
Airborne organism that remain suspended in air for long periods of time
Droplet droplets expelled from the patient during coughing, sneezing, or even talking such as flu, mumps
Contact direct contact spread such as varicella
Angiography radiographic procedure used to visualize blood vessels after the introduction of contrast material
Arthrography examination of a joint using x-rays after the injection of opaque contrast
Atelesctasis medical condition in which the lungs are not fully inflated
BPH Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy * condition on men of a noncancerous enlargement of the prostate gland
C-arm x-ray image intensifier (fluoroscope) that uses x-ray and produces a live image feed that is displayed on a tv monitir
Central Venous Pressure CPV pressure of blood in the thoracic vena cava ---reflects the amount of blood returning to the heart
contaminated presence or reasonably anticipated presence of blood or other potentially infectious material on item or surface
Foley catheter indwelling catheter retained in the bladder by an inflated ballon
Isolette used as an incubator for premature infants
Lithotomy position GYN check up position
Myelography x-ray examination of the spinal canal
Purulent containing pus
Serous resembling serum --thin watery constition
Subungual beneath a fingernail or toenail
Tracheostomy surgical opening of the trachea
Trendelenburg patient is supine with head tilted downward 30 to 40 degrees
Fowlers patient is sitting up
Sims patient is prone turned to one side with knee bent
Sterile corridor area between the patient drape and instrument table
Barium bulky , fine white powder without odor or taste used as a contrast medium in radiography of digestive track
Colonscopy endoscopic examination of the large bowel and distal part of small bowel
Colostomy surgical creation of an opening between the colon and the surface of the body Flatus
Flatus gas or air evacuated through the anus
Lumen cavity or channel within a tube or tubular organ
NG tube nasogastric tubes of soft rubber or plastic inserted through nostril and into stomach
Ostomate one who has undergone enterostomy or ureterostomy
perineum region between the thighs between sexual organs and anus
puragation releif of fecal matter affected by a cathartic
Viscosity physical property of liquids that determines the internal resisttance to force
tuberculosis an infectious bacterial disease characterized by the growth of nodules (tubercles) in the tissues, especially the lungs.
MRSA Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infection is caused by a type of staph bacteria that's become resistant to many of the antibiotics used to treat ordinary staph infections
Rubeola medical term for measles. an infectious viral disease causing fever and a red rash on the skin, typically occurring in childhood. a disease of pigs and other animals caused by the encysted larvae of the human tapeworm.
Rhinovirus any of a group of picornaviruses, including those that cause some forms of the common cold.
Glucogon drug used to slow the motility of the bowel
Aura subjective sensation or motor phenomenon that precedes and marks the onset of a paroxysmal attack ---epliectic
AED device used for application of external eletrical shock to restore normal cardiac rhythm and rate
Cardiac Arrest sudden stoppage of cardiac output and effective circulation
CPR artificial substitution of heart and lung action
Cerebrovascular Accident (stroke or brain attack) conditions with sudden onset caused by acute vascular lesions of the brain
emergency unexpected or sudden change in medical status, an urgent or pressing need
epistaxis nosebleed
hemorrhage escape of blood from the vessels
hypoglycemia abnormally increased concentration of glucose in the blood
hypoglycemia diminished concentration of glucose in the blood
lethargy abnormal drowsiness or stupor -indifference
pallor paleness absence of skin coloration
shock a failure of the circulatory system to support vital body functions
synoscope faint
urticaria vascular reaction on skin usually hives
vertigo illusion of movement, sensation of revolving in space
Created by: nclatina12