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psych U6M30

learning by observation

QuestionAnswer
(albert bandura) social learning theory a direct reinforcement relationship of response>>reward isn't necessary to learn behaviors (no stimulus>>response needed)
observational learning learning based on observing behavior of others as well as consequences
modeling process of observing and imitating behaviors
mirror neurons frontal lobe neurons that fire when OBSERVATION allows imitation and empathy
vicarious reinforcement learning to copy an action from observing someone else do it.
vicarious learning if you watch others get punished/rewarded, you're less/more likely to engage in the same behavior.
neuromodulators are released by special modulatory neurons when you learn something, which strengthens your neural connections (dendrites-axons) and creates new ones
ex of prosocial modeling when martin luther king jr. always used non-violent tactics for social change
ex of antisocial modeling children with abusive parents grow up to be abusive themselves
what was bandura's BoBo doll experiment? child observes adult beating up a bobo doll>>child is made frustrated>>child is left alone in a room with only the bobo doll. children were more likely to lash out at the doll, more likely because the adult did it
does viewing media violence activate violent behavior? yes it does, because as we observe the violent behavior, our brains simulate it, and we become more likely to imitate it. it also desensitizes the viewers to the sensitive content
what are the 4 conditions, according to bandura, for observational learning to occur? attention, retention (learning), motivation, and potential (performance)
what 3 factors affect learning? feedback, practice, positive/negative transfer
positive transfer previous learning helps you learn new concepts
negative transfer previous learning hinder new concepts (driving in UK compared to US)
Created by: allyson.lee