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drug card 9

Antiarrhythmic, Antianginal, Anxiolytics and Sedatives/Hypnotics, Stimulant

BrandGeneric IndicationImportant Side EffectsOtherClassAdverse Reaction
Lanoxin Digoxin is derived from the leaves of a digitalis plant. Digoxin helps make the heart beat stronger and with a more regular rhythm. used to treat heart failure. used to treat atrial fibrillation, Dizziness fainting fast, pounding, or irregular heartbeat or pulse slow heartbeat Pregnancy Category C antiarrhythmics Black, tarry stools bleeding gums blood in the urine or stools bloody vomit pinpoint red spots on the skin
Cordarone amiodarone used to treat heartbeats that are not normal and that may be deadly. It may cause very bad and sometimes deadly side effects like lung, thyroid, or liver problems. Cough dizziness, lightheadedness, or fainting fever (slight) numbness or tingling in the fingers or toes painful breathing Pregnancy Category D antiarrhythmics Skin rash yellow eyes or skin Abdominal or stomach pain agitation
Ismo isosorbide mononitrate nitrate that dilates (widens) blood vessels, making it easier for blood to flow through them and easier for the heart to pump. used to prevent angina attacks (chest pain). will not treat an angina attack that has already begun. headache, mild dizziness; warmth, redness, or tingling under your skin; nausea, vomiting, constipation, diarrhea; pain or stiffness in joints or muscles; hot flashes dry mouth. Pregnancy Category C antianginals Abnormal heart sound absence of or decrease in body movement arm, back, or jaw pain black, tarry stools bladder pain bleeding after defecation
Isordil isosorbide dinitrate (widens) blood vessels, making it easier for blood to flow through them and easier for the heart to pump. used to treat or prevent attacks of chest pain (angina). fast, slow, pounding, or uneven heart rate; worsening angina pain; blurred vision or dry mouth; nausea, vomiting, sweating, pale skin Pregnancy Category C antianginals Bluish-colored lips, fingernails, or palms dark urine difficulty with breathing dizziness or lightheadedness fever headache
Nitrostat nitroglycerin (widens) blood vessels, making it easier for blood to flow through them and easier for the heart to pump. used to treat or prevent attacks of chest pain (angina). headache, weakness, dizziness, lightheadedness, nausea Pregnancy Category B (tablets) Category C (capsules, IV, spray, ointment, patch) antianginals Bloating or swelling of the face, arms, hands, lower legs, or feet burning, crawling, itching, numbness, prickling, "pins and needles", or tingling feelings
Ambien Zolpidem treats insomnia. The immediate-release tablet used to help you fall asleep when you 1st go to bed. The ER form, Ambien CR, which has a 1st layer that dissolves quickly to help you fall asleep, & a 2nd layer that dissolves slowly to help you stay asleep. tired feeling, loss of coordination; stuffy nose, dry mouth, nose or throat irritation; nausea, constipation, diarrhea Pregnancy Category C sedative/hypnotics Chest pain confusion confusion about identity, place, and time discouragement false or unusual sense of well-being
Ativan Lorazepam used to treat anxiety disorders. drowsiness, dizziness, tiredness; blurred vision; sleep problems (insomnia); muscle weakness, Pregnancy Category D benzodiazepines Abdominal or stomach pain aggressive, angry agitation attack, assault, or force black, tarry stools bleeding gums
Klonopin Clonazepam used for seizure medicine, also called an anti-epileptic drug. used to treat certain seizure disorders (including absence seizures or Lennox-Gastaut syndrome) in adults and children. used to treat panic disorder (including agoraphobia) in adults. drowsiness, dizziness, tiredness; blurred vision; sleep problems (insomnia); muscle weakness, lack of balance or coordination; amnesia or forgetfulness, trouble concentrating; nausea, vomiting, constipation Pregnancy Category D benzodiazepines Burning, crawling, itching, numbness, prickling, "pins and needles", or tingling feelings changes in skin color chest pain or discomfort cold sweats colds
Lexapro Escitalopram used to treat anxiety in adults. drowsiness, dizziness; sleep problems (insomnia); mild nausea, gas, heartburn, upset stomach, constipation; weight changes Pregnancy Category C antidepressants Coma confusion convulsions decreased urine output dizziness
Lunesta Eszopiclone used to treat insomnia. This medicine causes relaxation to help you fall asleep and stay asleep. Cough or hoarseness fever or chills lower back or side pain painful or difficult urination sleepiness or unusual drowsiness Pregnancy Category C sedative/hypnotics Abnormal dreams accidental injury decreased interest in sexual intercourse diarrhea inability to have or keep an erection
Restoril Temazepam used to treat insomnia symptoms, such as trouble falling asleep or staying asleep. Restoril works by slowing down the central nervous system (brain), causing drowsiness which helps patients fall asleep. daytime drowsiness (or during hours when you are not normally sleeping); amnesia or forgetfulness; muscle weakness, lack of balance or coordination; Pregnancy Category X sedative/hypnotics Difficult or labored breathing fast, irregular, pounding, or racing heartbeat or pulse large, hive-like swelling on face, eyelids, lips, tongue, throat, hands, legs, feet, sex organs loss of appetite loss of memory nightmares
Valium Diazepam used to treat anxiety disorders, alcohol withdrawal symptoms, or muscle spasms. drowsiness, tired feeling, dizziness, spinning sensation, fatigue, constipation Pregnancy Category D benzodiazepines Abdominal or stomach pain agitation black, tarry stools blistering, flaking, or peeling of the skin blurred vision
Versed Midazolam used to sedate a person who is having a minor surgery, dental work, or other medical procedure. headache, nausea, vomiting, cough, drowsiness, hiccups Pregnancy Category D benzodiazepines Anxiety chest pain or discomfort choking confusion difficult or troubled breathing drowsiness
Xanax Alprazolam used to treat anxiety disorders, panic disorders, and anxiety caused by depression. Being forgetful changes in patterns and rhythms of speech clumsiness or unsteadiness difficulty with coordination discouragement Pregnancy Category D benzodiazepines hills clay-colored stools confusion about identity, place, and time cough dark urine decrease in frequency of urination decrease in urine volume
Adderall XR Amphetamine and dextroamphetamine used to treat narcolepsy and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). headache, weakness, dizziness, blurred vision; feeling restless, irritable, or agitated, sleep problems (insomnia); dry mouth or an unpleasant taste in your mouth Pregnancy Category C amphetamines Blistering, peeling, or loosening of the skin chest pain or discomfort confusion dark-colored urine diarrhea difficulty breathing
Concerta methylphenidate ER used to treat attention deficit disorder (ADD), attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and narcolepsy. stomach pain, loss of appetite, headache, dry mouth, nausea, vomiting Pregnancy Category C Controlled Substance Schedule: II Black, tarry stools blood in the urine or stools blurred vision or other changes in vision crusting, dryness, or flaking of the skin muscle cramps pinpoint red spots on the skin
Focalin XR dexmethylphenidate used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). trouble sleeping (insomnia), dizziness, dry mouth, sore throat, heartburn, nausea Pregnancy Category C Controlled Substance Schedule: II Convulsions jerking of the arms and legs muscle spasm sudden loss of consciousness
Vyvanse Lisdexamfetamine used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adults and in children who are at least 6 years old. used to treat moderate to severe binge eating disorder in adults. This medicine is not to be used for obesity or weight loss Anxiety. Decreased appetite. Diarrhea. Dizziness. Dry mouth. Pregnancy Category C Controlled Substance Schedule: II Agitation blistering, peeling, or loosening of the skin chest discomfort or pain chills confusion cough diarrhea
Created by: cici008