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# Matter

Matter anything that has mass, and takes up space
Mass measurement of the amount of matter
Volume the amount of space matter takes up
Density comparing mass and volume
Temperature the amount of energy the molecule's have
Physical property characteristic of a material that can be observed
Physical change a change in size, shape, or state
Chemical property characteristic that shows it can undergo a chemical change
Chemical change a change from one substance to another
Solid has a definate shape and volume
Liquid has an indefinate shape and a definate volume
Gas has an indefinate shape and volume
Plasma has an indefinate shape and volume (superheated gas)
Melting change from solid to liquid
Melting point temperature at which a solid melts
Freezing change from liquid to solid
Freezing point temperature at which a liquid freezes
Vaporization change from liquid to gas
Boiling point temperature at which a liquid vaporizes
Condensation change from gas to liquid
Condensation point temperature at which a gas condenses
Sublimation change from solid to gas
Deposition change from gas to solid
Fluid anything that flows - gas or liquid
Buoyancy the ability of a fluid to exert an upward force on an object immersed in it - this is called buoyant force
Archimedes Principle the buoyant force on an object in a fluid is equal to the weight of fluid it displaced by the object
Pascal’s Principle pressure applied to a fluid is transmitted unchanged throughout the fluid
Bernoulli's Principle as the velocity of a fluid increases the pressure exerted by the fluid decreases
Boyle’s Law as the volume of gas decreases, the pressure of a gas increases, provided the temperature does not change
Charles’ Law as temperature increases, the volume increases, provided pressure remains constant
Pressure force the gas exerts on a given area of the container in which it is contained
Volume three-dimensional space inside the container holding the gas
Substance type of matter with a fixed composition that cannot be separated by physical means
Element substance made up of atoms with the same identity
Compound atoms of two or more elements combined
Mixture material made up of two or more substances that can be separated by physical means
Heterogeneous mixture in which different materials can be easily distinguished
Homogeneous mixture in which two or more substances are uniformly spread out
Solution homogeneous mixture of particles so small that they cannot even be seen with a microscope and will never settle to the bottom of their container
Colloid type of mixture with particles that are larger than those in solution, but still too light to settle out
Suspension heterogeneous mixture containing a liquid in which visible particles settle
Created by: Stripeypenguin