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chapter 2.......

the body in health and disease

QuestionAnswer
plane (defintion) is derived from a latin word meaning flat (it's an imanginary flat surface, like a plate or glass)
anatomical (break it down and defintion) (ana- apart from,) (tom/o- a cut, slice, or layer,) (-ical pertaining to)
The coronal plane and body directions coronal or frontal (definition) an imanginary vertical plane that divides the entire body into front and back sections
anterior section (break it down and definition) before; front part(anter/o-) pertaining to(-ior)the front of the body is known as the...
ventral section (break it down and definition) front; abdomen(ventr/o-) pertaining to (-al) the front of the body is also known as the...
posterior section (break it down and definition) back part(poster/o-)pertaining to (-ior) the back of the body is known as the...
dorsal section (break it down and definition) back; dorsum; uppermost part(dors/o-) pertaining to (-al) the back of the body is also known as the...
prone position (definition) with the anterior section of the body down is known as the... it's derived from a latin word meaning inclined downward
dorsal supine position (definition) lying with the posterior section of the body down is known as the... supine is derived from the latin word meaning lying on the back
what does the body look like in the anatomical position the body standing erect and the head is up with the eyes looking foward. the arms are by the side with the palms facing forward and the legs are straight with the toes pointing forward.
anteriorly (break it down and definition) before; front part(anter/o-) pertaining to (-ior) going toward(-ly)
posteriorly (break it down and definition) back part(poster/o-) pertaining to(-ior) going toward(-ly)
the midsagittal plane and body directions midsagittal(break it down and defintion) middle(mid-) going from front to back (sagitt/o-) pertaining to(-al) the midsagittal plane is derived from the latin term meaning an arrow that goes through the body from front to back but the vertical plane divides the body into right and left
medial (break it down and definition) middle(medi/o-) pertaining to(-al)
medially (break it down and definition) middle(medi/o-) pertaining to(-al) going toward(-ly)
lateral (break it down and definition) side(later/o-) pertaining to(-al)
laterally (break it down...) side(later/o-) pertaining to(-al) going toward(-ly)
the transverse plane and body directions transverse (break it down...) across, through(trans-) to turn, to travel(-verse) the transverse plane is an imaginary horizontal plane that divides the body into top and bottom sections, every word has a combining form so for this one it's vers/o- and the suffix is actually -e
horizontal (break it down...) boundry between the earth and sky(horizont/o-) pertaining to(-al)
superior (break it down...) above(super/o-) pertaining to(-ior)
inferior (break it down...) below(infer/o-) pertaining to(-ior)
cephalad (break it down...) head(cephal/o-) toward, in the direction of(-ad)
caudad (break it down...) tailbone; lower part of the body(caud/o-) toward, in the direction of(-ad)
other body directions distal (break it down...) away from the center or point of origin(dist/o-) pertaining to(-al)
proximal (break it down...) near the center or point of origin(proxim/o-) pertaining to(-al)
superficial (break it down...) on or near the surface(superfici/o-) pertaining to(-al)
external (break it down...) outside(extern/o-) pertaining to(-al)
internal (break it down...) inside(intern/o-) pertaining to(-al)
body cavity approach cavity (break it down...) hollow space(cav/o-) state condition(-ity)
cranial (break it down...) cranium; the skull(crani/o-) pertaining to(-al)
spinal (break it down...) spine; backbone(spin/o-) pertaining to(-al)
thoracic (break it down...) thorax; chest(thorac/o-) pertaining to(-ic)
mediastinum (definition) derived from a latin word meaning middle
abdominal (break it down...) abdomen(abdomin/o-) pertaining to(-al)
pelvic (break it down...) pelvis; hip bone; renal pelvis(pelv/o-) pertaining to(-ic)
viscera (definition) latin word meaning soft internal organs
quadrants and regions approach; quadrant (definition) latin word meaning pertaining to four parts
viscera (definition) latin word meaning soft internal organs
quadrants and regions approach; quadrant (definition) latin word meaning pertaining to four parts
hypochondriac (break it down...) below; deficient(hypo-) cartilage(chondr/o-) pertaining to(iac)
epigastric (break it down...) upon; above(epi-) stomach(gastr/o-) pertaining to(-ic)
lumbar (break it down...) lower back; area between the ribs and pelvis(lumb/o-) pertaining to(-ar)
umbilicus (definition) latin word meaning the naval
umbilical (break it down...) umbilicus; navel(umbilic/o-) pertaining to(-al)
inguinal (break it down...) groin(inguin/o-) pertaining to(-al)
iliac (break it down...) ilium; hip bone(ili/o-) pertaining to(-ac)
hypogastric (break it down...) below; deficient(hypo-) stomach(gastr/o-) pertaining to(-ic)
anatomy (break it down...) apart from; excessive(ana-) process of cutting or making an incision(tomy-) the combining form in this term is in the suffix which is tom/o-
physiology (break it down...) physical function(physi/o-) the study of(-logy)
microscopic to macroscopic approach microscopic (break it down...) small(micr/o-) examine with an instrument(scop/o-) pertaining to(-ic)
macroscopic (break it down...) large(macr/o-) examine with an instrument(scop/o-) pertaining to(-ic)
body systems approach... system (definition) derived from the greek term meaning combination of parts to make an organized whole
how many body systems are there according to the text book... 15
Created by: Uniquetashia