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Nutrition Definition


Nutrition The​​ process ​​by ​​which ​​the ​​body​​ takes ​​in ​​and​​ uses ​​food.
Nutrients substances ​​in ​​food ​​that ​​your ​​body ​​needs​​ to ​​grow, ​​repair ​​itself,​​ to​​supply​​ you ​​with​​ energy​
Saturated fats Animal ​​fat​​ and​​ tropical​​ oils​​–​​too ​​much ​​consumption ​​highly ​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​increases ​​risk​​ of ​​heart​​ disease
Unsaturated fats Vegetable oil – reduces risk of heart disease in moderation. Poly-unsaturated and Mono-unsaturated
Trans fatty acids hydrogenation (making unsaturated fat firm by adding more hydrogen atoms), used in processed foods, increases risk of heart disease.
Proteins ​Are amino acids that help build and maintain body cells and tissues.
Carbohydrates Are starches and sugars present in foods (main source of energy).
Vitamins ​Elements that​ ​help regulate many​ ​body functions.
Minerals Elements that are not manufactured by the body but help to regulate many body functions
Water Vital to every body function (need at least 8 cups a day)
My Plate –​ ​Guide to Healthy food choices
Grains Source of carbohydrates and starches
veggies ​Source of minerals and vitamins
dairy Source of minerals and vitamins
fruit Source of minerals and vitamins
Colesteral is a waxy fat-like substance that circulates in blood
calories Are units of heat that measure the energy used by the body and the energy that foods supply to the body.
Physical activity Any form of movement that causes the body to use energy and raises the heart rate above your resting heart rate.
Energy Balance Equation Calories consumed = calories used
BMI Body Mass Index = the ratio that allows you to access your body size in relation to your height and weight.
Obesity A BMI of 30 or higher
serving size One serving of the product
vegetarian Plant based foods and some animal produced foods, such as eggs and dairy.
Vegan Plant sources only
Calorie formula 3500 calories = 1 pound
Created by: cosettegiroux