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Pulm Disease Exam 4

SPC Pulmonary Disease Exam 4 Ch. 27 Lung Cancer

T/F Lung Cancer & Bronchogenic Carcinoma are used interchangeably? True
A tumor that originates in the bronchial mucosa is called? Bronchogenic Carcinoma
What is the most common cause of lung cancer? Cigarette Smoking
Major pathologic changes associated with lung cancer? 1. Inflammation 2. Excessive mucus production 3. Tracheobronchial mucus plugging and accumulation 4. Alveolar consolidation 5. Cavity formation 6. Pleural effusion
According to CDC & Surgeon general about cigarette smoking and lung cancer? 1. Male smoker 22x more likely than non-smokers 2. Female smoker 12x more likely than non-smokers 3. Heavy smokers 64x more likely to get lung cancer
How many chemicals are in cigarettes? 4000
Enviromental and Occupational risk factors to lung cancer? 1. Asbestos 2. Air pollution 3. Silica 4. Vinyl Chloride
3 non-small cell lung cancer and growth rate? 1. Squamous cell carcinoma (slow) 2. Adenocarcinoma (moderate) 3. Large Cell carcinoma (rapid)
Squamous cell carcinoma constitutes how much of the bronchogenic carcinomas? 30%
What is adenocarcinoma? comes from mucus glands and bronch tree glandular configuration and mucus production; accounts for 35% to 40% of all lung cancers
T/F adenocarcinoma has the weakest association with smoking? True
What is large cell lung cancer? Accounts for 10-15% of lung cancer
Small cell carcinoma is? Accounts for 14% of all lung cancer
Staging for small carcinoma is divided into two categories? Limited 20%-30% and Extensive 70%-80%
Most lung cancers are not diagnosed until when? patient presents with symptoms of lung cancer
Symptoms associated with lung cancer? 1. Coughing blood 2. Chest Pain 3. Weight loss 4. Dyspnea 5. Hoarse Voice 6. Fatigue 7. Onset of wheezing 8. Bronchial infection
Non pulmonary symptoms of lung cancer? 1. Bone pain 2. Neurologic problems 3. Seizures 4. Enlarged lymph nodes
Syndromes associated with lung cancer? 1. Horners syndrome 2. Superior vena cava syndrome 3. paraneoplastic syndrome
Staging of lung cancer confirms what? 1. Cell type 2. Cell size 3. Cancer spread 4. Level of lymph node involvment
What is commonly used to treat limited stage Small cell lung cancer? Chemotherapy & Radiation therapy
What is the best cure for cancer? Surgery
What is limited stage lung cancer? Cancer spread to one lung and can be treated with a single radiation field. 20%-30% of patients
What is extensive stage lung cancer? Cancer has spread to both lungs and neighboring lymph nodes. 70%-80% of patients
Created by: Langhout1418