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Pulm Disease Exam 3

SPC Pulmonary Disease Exam 3 Ch. 24 Pleural Effusion

Pleural diseases in pleural space is called? Pleural Effusion
Infected diseases in pleural space is called what? Empyema
Like free air, fluid accumulation separates what? Visceral & Parietal pleura & compresses the lungs
Common Causes of Transudative Pleural Effusion? 1. CHF 2. Hepatic Hydrothorax 3. Peritoneal Dialysis 4. Nephrotic Syndrome 5. Pulmonary Embolism/Infarction
On rare occations pleural effusion may develop a complication of what? Peritoneal Dialysis in the treatment of Severe Chronic Kidney Disease
Common causes of Exudative Pleural Effusions? 1. Malignant Pleural Effusions 2. Bacterial Pneumonias 3. Tuberculosis 4. Fungal Disease
An accumulation of pus in the parietal cavity is called? Empyema
Empyema commonly develops as a result of what? Inflamation
What confirms diagnosis of empyema? Thoracentesis
The pus is usually removed by what? Thoracostomy tube & Antibiotics
Chest Assessment Findings of Pleural Effusion? 1. Decreased tactile & vocal fremitus 2. Dull percussion note 3. Diminished breath sounds
Radiologic findings of Pleural Effusion? 1. Blunting of the costophrenic angle
Diagnosis of pleural effusion is generally based on what? Chest radiograph
Pleural effusion of <300mL usually? Cannot be seen on a chest radiograph in an upright patient
Created by: Langhout1418