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Ch2 APpSych

Parts of the brain

Medula Regulates respiration, heart rate, and blood pressure (Central Core)
Pons Regulates sleep-wake cycles (Central Core)
Cerebellum Regulates reflexes and balance coordinates movement (Central Core)
Thalamus Major sensory relay center (Central Core)
Hypothalamus Emotion and motivation; stress reactions and eating and drinking; sexual activity (Central Core)
Hippocampus Essential role in forming new memories (Limbic system)
Amygdala Governs emotions related to self-persevation
Temporal Lobe Smelling, Hearing, balance and equilibrium; Emotion and motivation; Language comprehension and complex visual processing
Occipital lobe Receives and processes visual information
Parietal lobe Sensory projection and association areas; Visual/spacial abilities receives bulk of sensory information
Frontal Lobe Voluntary action and problem-solving tasks "control center" for the brain parts. Organizes information
Central Fissure separates primary somatosensory cortex from the primary motor cortex
Primary motor cortex (Frontal Lobe) sends messages to muscles and glands; key role in voluntary movement
Primary somatosensory cortex Registers sensory messages from the entire body
Olfactory bulb Responsible for sense of smell
Lateral sulcus seperates parietal and temporal lobes
Pituitary gland Produces Growth hormone and regulates endocrine functions.
Pineal Gland Causes sleepiness, Secretes hormone Melatonin; converts nervous system signals to endocrine signals
Corpus Callosum connects left and right hemispheres
Cingulate gyrus Regulates aggressive behavior, Emotional responses to pain, and Coordinates sensory input with emotions
midbrain where pain is registered, important in hearing and sight
Reticular Formation network of neurons in hindbrain, midbrain, and part of forebrain; to alert and arouse higher parts of the brain
neurogenesis growth of new neurons
CNS central nervous contains brain and spinal coard (90% of neurons)
PNS Peripheral nervous; connects CNS to rest of body
Hindbrain area containing medulla, pons, and cerebellum
Created by: Zacee135