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Psych U5M25

psychoactive drugs

psychoactive drugs those that change perceptions and mood
what are the 4 general categories of a substance use disorder? impaired control, social impairment, risky use, drug action
tolerance user needs larger doses to experience drug's effect. neurotransmitters act less
addiction a compulsive need and use of a habit-forming substance
withdrawal state of physical and psychological upset during which the body and mind revolt against
CNS depressants slow the activity of the nervous system
alcohol a depressant that increases harm/helpful tendencies
what are 3 general effects of alcohol memory loss, reduced self control, agressiveness
barbiturates/tranquilizers depressant of the CNS activity; reduces anxiety but impairs memory and judgement
narcotics/opiates depresses neural activity; temporarily lesson pain and anxiety
CNS stimulants increases activity of the nervous system
amphetamines stimulants neural activity, such as energy&mood changes
nicotine stimulants for the CNS; excite neural activity
smoking correlates with higher rates of what problems? increased cravings, insomnia, anxiety, distracted
cocaine Stimulant which produces euphoria and increased alertness.
identify the neurotransmitters affected by cocaine and how are they manipulated cocoaine blocks the reuptake of dopamine, norepinephrine, and seretonin. 'The extra neurotransmitter molecules remain in the synapse, intensifying the normal mood-altering effect
methamphetamine Stimulates the CNS, speeds heart rate, blood pressure
ecstasy synthetic stimulant and hallucinogen that zaps seretonin supply
what are 2 long term harmful effects of using MDMA decreased output of seretonin, impairs memory
hallucinogens drugs that produce hallucinations
LSD hallucinogen that causes temporal disintegration
marijuana hallucinogen that creates enhanced sensation, relaxtion, etc.
what common features do all psychoactive drugs share? they trigger negative aftereffects (after the short, temporary feeling of a positive effect)
alcohol myopia shortsightedness; people are oblivious to behavior cues
comorbidity connection btwn mental illness and drug abuse (causation and correlation)
hallucination perception of an object or sound that seems real but isn't
Delusion false idea that seems real
methods of treatment from drugs support group, detoxification, maintenence programs, counseling
Created by: allyson.lee