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Module 50 & 51

Schizophrenia & Dissociative, Personality, and Eating Disorders

What is schizophrenia? a group of severe disorders whose symptoms may include disorganized and delusional thinking, inappropriate emotions and actions, and disturbed perceptions
What is psychosis? a psychological disorder in which a person experiences irrational ideas, distorted perceptions, and a loss of contact with reality.
What are delusions? false beliefs that often are symptoms of psychotic disorders
What are dissociative disorders? involve a separation of conscious awareness from previous memories, thoughts, and feelings
What is dissociative identity disorder (DID)? a dissociative disorder in which a person exhibits two or more distinct and alternating personalities
What disorder was formerly called multiple personality disorder? dissociative identity disorder
What is anorexia nervosa? an eating disorder, most common in adolescent females, in which a person restricts food intake to become significantly underweight and yet still feels fat
What is bulimia nervosa? an eating disorder characterized by episodes of overeating followed by purging (by vomiting or laxative use) or fasting
What is binge-eating disorder? characterized by episodes of overeating, followed by distress, but without the purging or fasting that marks bulimia
What are personality disorders? characterized by inflexible and enduring maladaptive character traits that impair social functioning
What is antisocial personality disorder? a disorder where the person is aggressive, ruthless, and shows no sign of a conscience that would inhibit wrongdoing
What is the effect of drugs that block receptors for dopamine? alleviate schizophrenia symptoms
Most hallucinations of schizophrenia patients involve which of the five senses? hearing
Hearing voices would be a(n) ________; believing that you are Napoleon would be a(n) ______. hallucination; delusion
Many psychologists believe the disorganized thoughts of people with schizophrenia result from a breakdown in what? selective attention
Research evidence links the brain abnormalities of schizophrenia to ________ during prenatal development. a viral infection contracted
Matt has never been able to keep a job. He's been and out of jail for charges such as theft, sexual assault, and spousal abuse. Matt would most likely be diagnosed with what? antisocial personality disorder
When expecting to be electrically shocked, people with an antisocial personality disorder, as compared with normal people, show what? less fear and less autonomic arousal
Psychodynamic and learning theorists both agree that dissociative disorders are symptoms that represent the person's attempt to deal with what? anxiety
What is schizoid personality? an individual who exhibits eccentric behaviors, such as social disengagement
What is avoidant personality? a person with a fearful sensitivity to rejection
A person with an antisocial personality disorder used to be called what? a psychopath or sociopath
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