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pharmacology abbreviations

DC Doctor of Chiropractic
DDS Doctor of Dental Surgery
DMD Doctor of Dental Medicine
DO Doctor of Osteopathy
DP or DPM Doctor of Podiatry or Doctor of Podiatric Medicine
DVM Doctor of Veterinary Medicine
LPN Licensed Practical Nurse
LVN Licensed Vocational Nurse
MD Doctor of Medicine
ND Doctor of Naturopathic Medicine
OD Doctor of Optometry
PA Physician('s) Assistant
PharmD Doctor of Pharmacy
PhD Doctor of Philosophy
RN Registered Nurse
RPh Registered Pharmacist
AA Alcoholics Anonymous
AACP American Association of Clinical Pharmacy and American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy
AARP American Association of Retired Persons
ACCP American College of Clinical Pharmacy
ACPE American Council on Pharmaceutical Education
AHA American Hospital Association
AMA American Medical Association
APhA American Pharmaceutical Association
ASHP American Society of Health-System Pharmacists
CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
CPhA Colorado Pharmacists Association
DEA Drug Enforcement Agency
DHHS Department of Health and Human Services
EPA Environmental Protection Agency
FDA Food and Drug Administration
HMO Health Maintenance Organization
JCAH Joint Commission on Accreditation of Hospitals
JCAHO Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations
NABP National Association of Boards of Pharmacy
NABPLEX National Association of Boards of Pharmacy Licensing Exam
NARD National Association of Retail Druggists (now NCPA)
NCPA National Association of Community Pharmacists
NIH National Institutes of Health
NPTA National Pharmacy Technician Association
OSHA Occupational Safety and Health Administration
PHS Public Health Service
PMA Pharmaceutical Manufacturers Association
PPO Preferred provider organization
PTCB Pharmacy Technician Certification Board
USAN United States Adopted Name
VA Veterans Administration
WHO World Health Organization
AJHP American Journal of Hospital Pharmacy
DIS Drug information source
IPA International Pharmaceutical Abstracts
PDR Physcian Desk Reference
PPI Patient package insert
CSA Controlled Substances Act+B208
FD&C Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act
OBRA Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1990
BPH Benign prostatic hypertrophy
CAD Coronary artery disease
CHD Coronary heart disease
CHF Coronary heart failure
CMV Cytomegalovirus
CRD Chronic respiratory disease
CRF Chronic renal failure
DNR Do not resuscitate
DT Delirium tremens
DVT Deep venous thrombosis
EBV Epstein-Barr virus
FAS Fetal alcohol syndrome
HSV Herpes simplex virus—type 1 or type 2
IDDM Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (type 1 diabetes)
NIDDM Non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (type 2)
PE Pulmonary embolism
PMS Premenstrual syndrome
PVD Peripheral vascular disease
RA Rheumatoid arthritis
SIDS Sudden infant death syndrome
STD Sexually transmitted disease
TIA Transient ischemic attack
URI Upper respiratory infection
UTI Urinary tract infection
PKU Phenylketonuria
CAT or CT Computerized axial tomography
C&S Culture and sensitivity
CPR Cardiopulmonary resuscitation
EEG Electroencephalogram
EKG and ECG Electrocardiogram
PET ositron emission tomography
MRI Magnetic resonance imaging
Ab Antibody
ACh Acetylcholine
BBB Blood brain barrier
BMR Basal metabolic rate
bpm Beats per minute
CNS Central nervous system
CO Cardiac output
CO2 Carbon dioxide
CSF Cerebrospinal fluid
Cu Copper
EENT Eye, ear, nose, and throat
ENT Ear, nose and throat
F Fluorine
FBS Fasting blood sugar
GH Growth hormone
GU Genitourinary
H2 Histamine 2
Hb Hemoglobin
HMG-CoA 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A
HR Heart rate
IFN Interferon
Ig Immunoglobulin
IL Interleukin
IOP Intraocular pressure
IP Intraperitoneal
LUQ Left upper quadrant (of abdomen)
Ophth Ophthalmic
PG Prostaglandin (A, B, E, F)
PTH Parathyroid hormone
RR Respiratory rate
RUQ Right upper quadrant (abdomen)
SSRI Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors
TBW Total body weight
TG Total triglycerides
VS Vital signs
yo Years old
Zn zinc
ADME absorption, distribution, metabolism and elimination
ADR adverse drug reaction
AUC Area under the plasma concentration-time curve
BAC Blood-alcohol concentration
BBB Blood brain barrier
Cmax Maximum effective plasma concentration
Cmin Minimum effective plasma concentration
LD Lethal dose
LD-50 Lethal dose to 50% of animals or microorganisms
MEC Minimum effective concentration
MIC Minimum inhibitory concentration
OD Overdose
ABVD Adriamycin, bleomycin, vinblastine, dacarbazine
ACE Angiotensin-converting enzyme
ACEI angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor
BDZ Benzodiazepine
CSA Cyclosporin A
CMVIG Cytomegalovirus immune globulin
Cu Copper
D10W Dextrose 10% in Water Solution
DMSO Dimethyl sulfoxide
DTP Diphtheria, tetanus toxoids & pertussis vaccine
EDTA Ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid
EPO Erythropoietin
F Fluorine
FD&C Dyes permitted for use in foods, drugs and cosmetics
GH Growth hormone
HBIG Hepatitis B immune specific globulin
IFN Interferon
Ig Immunoglobulin
IL Interleukin
IPV Poliovirus vaccine inactivated
LSD Lysergic acid diethylamide
LVP Large-volume parenteral
MMR Measles, mumps and rubella virus vaccine (live)
NSAIA, NSAID Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agent
OPV Oral poliovirus vaccine, live
PCA Patient-controlled analgesia
RAI Radioactive iodine
sf Sugar free
SK Streptokinase
SPF Sun protection factor
TOPV Trivalent oral polio vaccine
TPN Total parenteral nutrition
TCA Tricyclic antidepressant
THC Tetrahydrocannabinol (active ingredient in marijuana)
WFI Water for injection
Zn zinc
d Day
in d daily
int cib Between meals
m dict as directed (more dictor)
min Minute
mo Month
noc Night
Noc maneq At night and the morning
q2hr or q2h Every 2 hours
rep Let it be repeated
s; sec second
wa While awake
wk Week
yr year
max Maximum
oC Degrees Celsius
oF Degrees Fahrenheit
fl oz Fluid ounce
Gal Gallon
IU International unit(s)
lb Pound
M Molar (solution strength)
MW Molecular weight
N Normal (solution strength)
Oct Pint
oz Ounce
ppm Parts per million
pt Pint
qt Quart
SI units International System of Units
TBW Total body weight
vol Volume
wt Weight
w/v Weight in volume
w/w Weight in weight
~ Approximately equals
crm Cream
DPI Dry powder inhaler
drp Drops
el Elixir
ex aq In water
Ext rel Extended release
gran Granule(s)
IUD Intrauterine device
LVP Large-volume parenteral
MDI Metered dose inhaler
mixt Mixture
Oint Ointment
Ophth Ophthalmic
o/w oil-in-water
pH Hydrogen concentration, measure of acidity/alkalinity of solution
Pulv A powder
pwdr Powder
SPF Sun protection factor
ET Via endotracheal tube
ID Intradermal
inh or inhal Inhaled
IP Intraperitoneal
IT Intrathecal
NG Nasogastric
vag Vaginal
grad Gradual
H2O Water
M Molar (solution strength)
MW Molecular weight
N Normal (solution strength)
NMT Not more than
part aeq Equal parts/amounts
part vic In divided doses
ppm Parts per million
PEG Polyethylene glycol
pH Hydrogen concentration, measure of acidity/alkalinity of solution
ql As much as desired
qv As much as you wish
rep Let it be repeated
sat Saturated
sf Sugar free
solv Dissolve
tal dos Such doses
vol Volume
v/v Volume in volume
v/w Volume in weight
w/o Water-in-oil
w/v Weight in volume
w/w Weight in weight
ANDA Abbreviated new drug application
AWP Average wholesale price
IND Investigational new drug
INDA Investigational new drug application
NDA New drug application
R&D Research and development
QA uality assurance
QC quality control
DIS Drug information source
DUR Drug Utilization Review
HEPA High efficiency particulate air
PCA Patient-controlled analgesia
PMR Patient medication record
a Alpha
b Beta
CCU Coronary care unit
DNR Do not resuscitate
DOA Dead on arrival
DRI Dietary Reference Intakes
DUR Drug Utilization Review
ED Emergency department
eg or e.g. For example
ER Emergency room; estrogen receptor; extended release; endoplasmic reticulum
Gyn Gynecology
ICU Intensive care unit
LTCF Long-term care facility
MDR Minimum daily requirements
OB/GYN Obstetrics and gynecology
RDA Recommended Dietary (Daily) Allowance
SNF Skilled nursing facility
OT Occupational therapy
P&T Pharmacy and Therapeutics Committee
Created by: Pharmlearn



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