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Bony landmarks 9-13

Shoulder Joint/Girdle Wrist/Hands

Superior Angle of Scapula Superior pointy aspect attachment for the levator scapula muscle
Inferior angle of scapula Most inferior point where vertebral and axillary borders meet. This point determines scapular rotation
Vertebral Border of scapula between superior and inferior angle in the middle, attachment for Rhomboid and Serratus Anterior
Axillary Border of scapula Lateral side between glenoid fossa and inferior angle Provides attachment for Teres Major and Teres Minor
Spine of Scapula Projection on posterior side of scapula, provides attachment for middle/lower trapezius
Coracoid Process of scapula Projection on anterior surface provides attachment for pectoralis minor muscle and short head of biceps muscle
Acromion Process of scapula Broad, flat area on superior lateral aspect, provides attachment for the upper trapezius muscle and origin for middle deltoid muscle
Glenoid fossa of scapula Concave surface articulates with humerus on superior lateral side above axillary border+ below acromion process. Positioned in anterior,lateral, and upward direction
Clavicle S Shape bone connects upper extremity to the axial skeleton sternoclavicular joint
Sternal end of clavicle attaches medially to sternum
Acromial End of Clavicle Attaches laterally to scapula and provides attachment for the upper trapezius muscle
Body of clavicle area between two ends
Sternum manubrium provides attachment for clavicle and 1st rib
Scapulohumeral Rhythm 1st 30 degress if shoulder joint motion, 2:1 ratio of shoulder flexion or abduction
Scapular Winging Serratus Anterior weakness
Force Couple muscles are Upper trapezius (up), Lower trapezius (down), serratus anterior pulls outward
Shoulder joint arthrokinematic motion Glides during flexion/extension
Glenoid labrum of scapula Fibrocartilage ring attach to glenoid fossa
Subscapular Fossa of scapula includes most the area around the anterior costal surface, provides attachment for subscapularis muscle
Infraspinous Fossa of Scapula Below the spine, provides attachment for infraspinatus muscle
Supraspinatus fossa of scapula Above the Spine, providing attachment for the Supraspinatus muscle
Humerus head articulates with scapula
Greater Tubercle of Humerus Large projection lateral to head and lesser tubercle, attachment for Supraspinatus, Infraspinatus, teres Minor Muscles
Lesser Tubercles of Humerus Smaller projection on anterior surface, attachment for subscapularis muscle
Bicipital Groove of Humerus (intertubercular groove) the longitudinal groove between the tubercles containing the tendon of the long head of the biceps
Biciptial Ridges of Humerus crest of greater tubercle attachment for pectoralis major crest of the lesser tubercle attachment for latissimus dorsi+teres major
Adhesive capsulitis refers to the inflammation and fibrosis of the shoulder joint capsule, leads to pain and loss of shoulder range of motion
Innervation of C5 C6 C7 Main locations of Shoulder joint
Infraglenoid Tubercle of Scapula lower lip of glenoid : attachment for long head of triceps muscles
Supraglenoid tubercle of Scapula higher lip of glenoid: attachment for long head of biceps muscles
Spiral groove of humerus mid humerus
Trochlea articulates with ulna
Capitulum articulates with head of radius
Medial Epicondyle of Humerus provides attachment for pronator teres muscle
Lateral Epicondyle of Humerus provides attachment for anconeus and supinator muscles
Olecranon Fossa of humerus articulates with olecranon process of ulna
olecranon process of Ulna posterior proximal end provides attachment for triceps muscle
Coronoid process of Ulna below trochlear notch; provides attachment for brachialis muscle
Radial Notch of Ulna articulation point for head of radius
Ulnar tuberosity Below coronoid process; attachment for brachialis muscle
Radial Tuberosity of Radius medial side near proximal end attachment for bicep muscles
styloid process of Radius attachment for brachioradialis muscle
Annular ligament attaches to the radial notch of ulna
Lateral Epicondylitis Tennis Elbow overuse of the common extensor tendon
medial epicondylits golfers elbow, tenderness over medial epicondyle
little league elbow cause by repetitive throwing
pulled elbow or nursemaids elbow sudden strong traction force of the arm; seen mostly in young children
styloid process of wrist attachment for collateral ligaments
Hook of Hamate attachment for transverse carpal ligament
Medial Epicondyle of wrist located on distal side medial side of humerus; attachment common flexor tendon
Lateral Epicondyle of Wrist common extensor tendon
Lateral Supracondylar Ridge Wrist Attachment for Extensor carpi radialis longus
Radial Deviation consist of Extensor Carpi Radialis Longus Extensor Carpi Radialis Brevis Flexor Carpi Radialis
Wrist extension Extensor Carpi Radialis Longus Extensor Carpi Radialis Brevis Extensor carpi Ulnaris
Ulnar Deviation Extensor Carpi Ulnaris Flexor Carpi Ulnaris
Wrist Flexion Flexor Carpi Radialis Flexor Carpi Ulnaris
Created by: 1429214543799106
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