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esoph path 2

pathology ch 5 esophagus 2

QuestionAnswer
Zencker’s diverticula occur where? posterior upper esophagus
Traction diverticula occur where? thoracic esophagus
Epiphrenic diverticula occur where? in the distal 10cm of the esophagus
Esophageal varices diated veins in the wall of the esophagus
Esophageal varices are often caused by what? increased pressure in the portal venous system, usu associated with cirrhosis
What condition is described radiographically as “beads of a rosary”? esophageal varices
What percent of UGI exams indicate a hiatal hernia? 50%
Name the two types of hiatal hernia sliding and intrathoracic
How is a sliding hiatal hernia demonstrated radiographically? by “Schantzki’s ring”, the gastroesophageal junction appearing above the diaphragm
How is an intrathoracic hiatal hernia demonstrated radiographically? a large portion of the stomach is seen within the thoracic cavity
Achalasia functional obstruction of the distal esophagus with proximal dilation caused by incomplete relaxation of the lower esophageal sphincter
Radiographic appearance of achalasia tapered smooth narrowing of the esophagus
“rat tail” appearance describes what pathology? achalasia
Created by: annaluz87