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Understanding Nonfiction Text Features
|The outside of a book
|Name of a book. It tells you what the book is about
|The second, less important part of a book's title. It provides more information.
|The writer of a book
|Table of Contents
|A map of a book - it tells you the names of the chapters and what pages these chapters start on.
|Tells you where you are in a book. Usually located at the bottom of a page.
|Very first sentences of a book - grabbing your attention and rev you up to keep reading.
|Main section of writing on a page
|Sections of a book - usually telling about a different part of the main topic
|Word or words that tell you about the picture
|Picture of something real taken with a camera
|Chunk of text that is separated from the main text giving readers extra information - usually appears along the side of the text and are often surrounded by boxes.
|Font that slants to the side. It tells readers a word is extra important and / or has special meaning.
|Font that shows readers a word is difficult. Usually tells readers they can check the book's glossary to found out the word's meaning and pronunciation.
|Shows a series of things that are connected or are part of a set - often printed in a column.
|When two photos are placed side by side to show how things are alike and different.
|A circle is divided into two or more pieces. The pieces tell you how the whole of something is made up.
|Shows you which was is north, south, east, and west
|Provides information that helps you read a map
|A drawing of a place to help you see it in your head. Drawings can be of big areas (such as the world) or small areas (such as a town or even a street).
|This uses colored bars to show you how two or more things compare to each other.
|Parts of a picture are marked with words. They help readers learn new words, notice details, and understand how things work.
|Chart formed by two overlapping circles - allowing you to compare different things or groups of things to see how they are alike and different.
|Repeating the exact words that someone said - often comments from people who are experts.
|A vertical list
|Set of facts arranged in two or more columns
|Last sentences in the book - they wrap up the book and bring it to an end
|Shows how things flow from one stage to the next - often the stages are numbered. Often shaped like a line or a circle
|What a word means
|Tell you how to pronounce a word
|Alphabetical list of difficult words along with their pronunciations and definitions - usually appears at or near the end of the book.
|Provides readers with subjects and page numbers so they can quickly locate information contained in a nonfiction book. It is arranged in alphabetical order and often has two or more columns.