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5310 Module 1

TermDefinition
Clinical Reasoning Process of collecting cues, processing the information obtained and forming an opinion or understanding of the patient problem or situation. Develop a plan and implement the intervention.
Pattern Recognition Automatic retrieval of information from a well structured knowledge base.
Forward Reasoning Data analysis results in hypothesis generation or diagnosis, utilizing a sound knowledge base. Is more likely to occur in familiar cases with experienced clinicians.
Evidence Based Medicine Conscientious, explicit, and judicious use of current best evidence in making decisions about the care of individual patients.
Red Flags - Neurological Changes in hearing; Frequent or severe headaches with no history of injury; problems with swallowing or changes in speech; changes in vision; Problems with balance, coordination or falling; Faint spells (drop attacks); sudden weakness
Expert Someone widely recognized as a reliable source of technique or skill whose faculty for judging or deciding rightly, justly, or wisely is accorded authority and status by their peers or the public in a specific well-distinguished domain.
Clinical Practice Guidelines Documented with the aim of guiding decisions and criteria regarding diagnosis, management, and treatment in specific areas of healthcare.
Expressed Consent The patient has the procedure explained to him/her, understands and agrees to it.
Implied Consent The patient is unable to communicate his/her consent, but life-saving interventions are required.
Third Party Consent The patient is mentally incapable of understanding the procedure and/or the ramifications of consent or refusal. Consent is given or witheld on his/her behalf by a legal designate.
Red Flags Are warning signs and symptoms that indicate that a problem is not musculoskeletal in nature and is a more serious problem that should be referred to the appropriate healthcare professional.
Red Flags - Cancer Persistent pain at night; constant pain anywhere in the body; unexplained weight loss (10-15lbs in 2 weeks or less); loss of appetite; unusual lumps or growths; unwarranted fatigue.
Red Flags - Cardiovascular Shortness of breath; dizziness; pain or feeling of heaviness in the chest; pulsing pain anywhere in the body; constant and severe pain in the lower leg (calf) or arm; discoloured or painful feet; swelling (no history of injury)
Red Flags - Gastrointestinal Frequent or severe abdominal pain; frequent heartburn or indigestion; frequent nausea or vomiting; change in or problems with bowel or bladder function (urinary tract infection); unusual menstrual irregularities
Red Flags - Miscellaneous Fever or night sweats; recent severe emotional disturbances; swelling or redness in any joint with no history of injury; pregnancy
Created by: Lauren Brooke