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1042JARA

Appendix C

TermDefinition
Absorption the amount of medication that enters the bloodstream.
Accreditation recognition for compliance with established criteria (of an institution or program).
Ambulatory pharmacy pharmacy located close to a clinical, hospital, or medical center that provides medication services to ambulatory patients.
Automated dispensing technology electronic storage cabinets or robotics that secure medications and dispense them to nurse or caregivers when needed.
Automated medication dispensing device drug storage device or cabinet that contains an inventory of medications that are electronically dispensed so they may be administered to patients in a controlled manner.
Bioavailability the percentage of an administered dose of a medication that reaches the bloodstream.
Brand-name drug drug that is covered by a patent and is therefore only available from a single manufacturer.
Buccal solid medication dosage form that is placed in the pocket between the cheek and gum and absorbed through the cheek into bloodstream.
Centralized dispensing automation technology that assists in the selection and dispensing of drug products located in a pharmacy (central located) and can include robotics that use bar code scanning to select and label drug products for patients.
Centralized pharmacy pharmacy services that are provided from one location (usually central located) in the hospital.
Certification recognition that demonstrate that the certified individual has achieved a level of knowledge, skill or experience.
Chain pharmacy pharmacy that is part of a large number of corporately owned pharmacies that use the same name and carry similarly branded OTC products.
Community pharmacy a stand-alone pharmacy located in a community that provides medication services to ambulatory patients.
Controlled substances drugs whose possession and use are regulated under the Federal Controlled Substances Act and by state controlled substances laws and regulations.
Decentralized pharmacy pharmacy services that are provided on or near a patient care area. (example: pharmacy satellite)
Dispensing act of preparing a medication for use by a patient as authorized by a prescription
Drug distribution services system used to distribute medications that begins when he medication is received by the pharmacy and ends when the medication is administered to the patient.
Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) federal agency that administers and enforces federal laws for controlled and illegal substances such as narcotics and other dangerous drugs.
Expectorate to cough up or spit.
Generic drug drug that is no longer covered by a patent and is generally available from multiple manufacturers, usually have a significant reduction in cost.
Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) federal legislation that establish guidelines for the protection of patients private health information.
Inhalant solution of a drug delivered as a mist through the mouth into the respiratory tract.
Intracardiac injected directly into the heart muscle
Intradermal injected into the top layers of the skin
Intramuscuar injected directly into a large muscle mass and absorbed from the muscle tissue into the bloodstream. (upper arm, thigh, or buttock)
Intraperitoneal administered into the peritoneal space. (abdominal cavity)
Intrapleural administered into the pleural space, which is the sac that surrounds the lungs.
Intrathecal injected into the space around the spinal cord.
Intravenous injected directly into a vein and therefore immediately available to act in the body.
Legend drug drug that is required by federal law to be dispensed by prescription only.
Licensure Agency of government grants permission to an individual who attained the degree of competency necessary to ensure that public health, safety, and welfare will be protected.
Lozenge A hard, disk-shaped solid medication dosage form that contains medication in sugar base, which is released as the lozenge is held in the mouth and sucked.
Mail-order pharmacy pharmacy that functions like a warehouse, with pharmacists and technicians who dispense prescriptions that are mailed to patients.
Medication Administration Record (MAR) component of the paper patient medical record in which nurses and healthcare providers document times and dates when a medication was administered to the patient.
Medication order A written, electronic, telephone, or verbal request for a patient medication in an inpatient setting.
National Drug Code (NDC) Number unique number assigned to each drug, strength, and package size for the purpose of identification.
Ointment semisolid medication dosage form, applied to the skin or mucous membranes, which lubricates and softens or is used as a base for drug delivery.
Over-the-Counter (OTC) drugs that are available without a prescription.
Package insert manufacturer's product information sheet that provides general drug information. (how it works, indications, effects, interactions, dosages forms, stability, and dosing info)
Parenteral route of medication administration that bypasses the gastrointestinal tract, such as intravenous, intramuscular, or subcutaneous administration.
Par-level system inventory management system in which predetermined stock minimum and maximum quantities to be maintained are established.
Patient counseling act of educating a patient regarding the proper use of a prescribed drug, at the time of dispensing.
Pharmacist health care professional licensed by the state to engage in the practice of pharmacy.
Pharmacy satellite physical space located in or near a patient care area that can provide a variety of distributive and clinical services.
Practice of pharmacy practice of pharmacy is regulated by each state through its pharmacy laws and regulations.
Prescription written or verbal authorization for the use of a particular pharmaceutical agent for an individual patient.
Primary prescription label label that contains legally required information. (patient name, drug name, directions of use, etc. )
Professional person who practices an occupation or vocation that requires advanced specialized training.
Professionalism actively demonstrating the attitudes, qualities and behaviors of a professional while performing duties.
Registration making a list or being enrolled in an existing list.
STAT used in medication orders to indicate the need for the drug right away. (abbreviation of the Latin word statim, meaning immediately)
Subcutaneous deposited in the tissue just under the skin.
Subgingival administered via the subgingival space, which is the space between the tooth and gum.
Technician individual skilled in the practical or mechanical aspects of a profession.
Topical applied to the skin, mucous membranes, or other external parts of the body (finger and toe nails, and hair)
Transdermal through the skin; percutaneous.
Created by: jazminerosario96
 

 



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