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Pharm test 2 summary

NSAIDS, Antibiotics, Antihistamines.... lilk8tob 1-2 facts per drug

DrugDrug facts
Aspirin inhibits platelet aggregation
Indomethacin (Indocin) not for those w/ asthma, renal or liver disease
Ibuprofen (Motrin) RA, osteoarthritis; not for preg. women
Ketorolac (Toradol) short-term, powerful
Celebrex osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis
Allopurinol (Zyloprim) prevents uric acid prod. Drink a lot of water!!
Azathioprine (Imuran) organ rejection, RA; causes blood problems
Cyclosporine (Sandimmune) organ rejection, RA, IBD; causes blood, liver & kidney problems
Muromonab (OKT3) graft rejection, RA; SE: chest pain, flulike symptoms
Sulfamethozazole (Bactrim) for UTI's; causes delayed cutaneous reaction
Amoxicillin (Amoxil) infections of E/N/T, GI, skin
Penicillin V potassium (Pen-vee K) for G+ infections
Cefazolin Sodium (Ancef) 1st gen ceph. for preop & postop surgical prophylaxis
Cephalexin (Keflex) 1st gen cepha. - oral only, G+
Cefthaxone (Rocephin) 3rd gen ceph. IV or IM, can diffuse into CSF; only need 1x/day
Erythromycin (EryPed) increases GI motility, for G+ and G-, bacteriostatic, macrolide
Azithromycin (Zithromax- Z pack) Resp & skin, 1x/day, tissue penetration high, macrolide
clarithromycin (Biaxin) resp. & skin, age 12+, less GI than erythromycin, 2x/day
doxycycline (Doryx) broad antibacterial, chlamydial &mycoplasmal infectinos, many G-
Gentamicin (Garamycin) G+ and G- "big guns"
Ciprofloxacin (Cipro) G-, anthrax, STD's, UTI, prostate
Clindamycin (Cleocin) anaerobes, Misc., bactericidal or bacteriostatic depending on dose
Metronidazole (Flagyl) anaerobic, G- infections
Vancomycin (Vancocin) MRSA infection, Blood level (peak): 18-26 mg/ml
Acyclovir (Zovirax) HSV-1 & 2, (chickenpox & shingles)
Isoniazid (INH) for TB, don't drink alcohol, liver toxic, need B6
Fluconazole (Diflucan) antifungal, can pass into CSF
Metronidazole (Flagyl) helminths, anaerobes, no alcohol
Mebendazole (Vermox) roundworm, must treat whole family
Loratidine (Claritin) nonsedating, seasonal allergic rhinitis
Cetirzine (Zyrtec) nonsedating, seasonal allergic rhinitis
Diphenhydramine (Benadryl) sedating, anticholinergic, for: hives, PD, sleep
Dextromethorphan (Vicks, Delysm) non-opioid, no CNS depression, antitussive
Guaifenesin (Robitussin) coughs- thins mucus, 1/2life=1 hr, expectorant
Theophylline (Theo-Dur, Slo-bid) chronic resp,. acute asthma, blood 10-20
Albuterol (Ventolin) for acute asthma attacks, beta2-specific
Epinephrine (Adrenaline) bronchodilator, nasal decongestant, beta-adrenergic
Ipratopium Bromide COPD, slow & prolonged action, anticholinergic
Montelukast (Singulair) for chronic asthma , not for acute attacks, antileukotriene
Beclomethasone diproprionate (Beclovent, Vanceril) oral inhalation, control of asthma for long term, no systemic effect, corticosteroid
Created by: lilk8tob