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indian geography

states and union territories and demography

Andhra Pradesh is the first state to be formed by State Reorganisation Act, 1956 on the basis of language. Arunachal Pradesh was previously known as North-East Frontier Agency (NEFA).
Kaziranga National Park and Manas Tiger Project are in Assam.
Which state is known as Rice Bowl of India? Andhra Pradesh
Himachal Pradesh is famous for its horticulture and tourism activities
Jammu-Kashmir is famous for handloom,
Jharkhand is the heartland of minerals.
Which state is called God’s Own State? Kerala
Highest number of national parts in Western Ghats lies in Kerala
. Maharastra is called Plateau of Plateaus
which state has India’s financial capital, Mumbai.
Which state is called abode of Clouds? Meghalaya
Meghalaya is renowned for its Khagi Mandarian orange.
.-Lushai hills is in Mizoram Mount Saramati,
which state isthe highest peak in Purvanchal hills lies in Nagaland.
Which state called Land of Five Rivers? Punjab
Rajasthan has largest source of zinc,
India’s highest Himalayan peak Mount Khang Chendzonga is in Sikkim
Sikkim is one of the 18 biodiversity hotspots in the world.
In which state, sugarcane is a most productive commercial crop in India? Tamil Nadu
In India, population data is collected through Census, held every ten years; First population Census conducted in 1872 but first compjetejcejisus conducted in 1881. How many censuses have been conducted so far? 15
According Article-246, population census is a union subject in India. State government is responsible for providing administrative support only. Which Ministry of government of India is responsible for conducting census? Ministry of Home Affairs
The responsibility of conducting the decennial census rests with the office of the Registrar General and the Census Commissioner, India. Which Act provides for legal base for conducting census in Independence India? Census Act of 1948
Population policy refers to the policy that intended to decrease the birth rate or growth rate. When was the India’s first National Population Policy framed? April, 1976
The National Population Policy, 1976 called for an increase in the legal minium age of marriage from 15-18 years for females and from 18-21 years for males. Family Welfare Programme was initiated in which year? 1977
The New Population Policy has a long term objective of achieving a stable population by 2045. It has now been revised to 2060. When was the new population policy formulated? 2000
Total Fertility Rate (TFR) is the average number of children each women would have in her lifetime. New population policy had a medium term objective to bring TFR to replacement levels by 2010. What is the replacement level of TFR? 2.1
The expenditure on Census 2011 was around ? 22 billion to government exchequer with ? 18.19 head cost. The enumerators were trained in 13 languages. In how many languages actual census was carried out? 16 Indian Languages
Census 2011 was conducted in two phases. The first phase known as House Listing and Housing Census held between April to September, 2010. The second phase known as Population Enumeration was held in February, 2011. What was the Slogan of Census 2011 ? Our Census, Our Future
The total number of children in the age group 0-6 is 158.8 million (13.1%) declined from 15.9% in 2001, female children decline more then male children. Which state has largest number of children in (0-6) age group in India? Uttar Pradesh
Overall sex ratio at the national level has increased by 7 points to reach 940 at Census 2011 as against 933 in Census 2001. Name three states, which have shown decline in sex ratio as compared to Census 2001. Jammu-Kashmir, Bihar and Gujarat
Kerala has the highest sex ratio (1084) followed by Puducherry (1033).
Daman and Diu has the lowest ratio of 618.
What is the child sex ratio (0.6) of India? 914
According to Census, a person aged seven and above, who can both read and write with understanding in any language is considered as literate. The literacy rate has increased from 64.84 (2001) to 94.04 (2011). Which state has highest literacy rate? Kerala
The percentage growth in literacy during 2001 - 11 is 38-82. For males, the growth is 38.82% and for females 49.10%. Improvement in female literacy is more than males in both rural and urban areas. Which state has lowest female literacy? Rajasthan (52.66)
As per Census 2011, . For the first time, the absolute increase in population is more in urban areas than in rural areas. Which state has highest proportion of urban population? Tamil Nadu
As per Census 2011There is more improvement in female literacy than in male literacy in both rural and urban areas. In urban areas, the female literacy is 79.92%. What is the female literacy in rural areas? 58.75%
The percentage populations growth in 2001-11 is 17.64%. For males, it is 17.19 and for females, it is 18.12. Which state has lowest decadal growth? Nagaland (–0.47%)
Density of population as per current Census is 382 persons per sq km.
Bihar has the highest density (1102).
Which state has lowest density? Arunachal Pradesh (17)
1 Lakshadweep (96.11%) holds the first rank in the country with ‘ respect to male literacy rate. Kerala ranks the second with 96.02%. Which state has lowest literacy rates in case of males? Bihar (73.39%)
The population of the country as per Census 2011 is 1210.19 million of which 623.7 million (51.54%) are males and 586.46 million (48.46%) are females. What is the absolute increase in the population during the decade 2001 -11? 181 Million
Kerala holds the first rank in the country in female literacy with 91.98%, Rajasthan (52.66%) has recorded the lowest female literacy rate preceded by Bihar (53.33%). What is the national female literacy rate? 65.46%
Indian people can be divided into six main ethnic groups. These include Negrito, Proto, Australoids, Mongoloid, Mediterranean, Western Brachycephalics and Nordic Aryans. Which ethhic group was the earliest to came to India? Negrito
According to Census 2011, Hindus contribute (81.4%) of population, Muslims (12.4%), Christians (2.3%), Sikhs (1.9%), Jains (0.4%), Buddhists (0.08%). Which religion has the highest literacy rate? Jains (94.1%)
Himachal Pradesh, Odisha, Madhya Pradesh and Dadar and Nagar Haveli has more than 90% of their population as Hindus. Lakshadweep and Mizoram has the lowest Hindu population. In which states, Hindus are Minorities? Jammu-Kashmir and Arunachal Pradesh
Muslims are the second religious group in India. In Lakshadweep and Jammu-Kashmir, they are most numerous. Their population is least in Mizoram and Sikkim. Which Sect of Muslims are more numerous in numbers? Sunni
Christians are third largest religious community and one-third lives in Kerala. Nagaland has the highest percentage population followed by Mizoram, Meghalaya, Manipur, Goa, Andaman-Nicobar Islands, Kerala . Which religious group has highest sex ratio? Christian (1009)
Three-fourth of Buddhist lived in Maharashtra alone. Other states which have sizable Buddhist population are Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram, Tripura, Himachal Pradesh and Jammu-Kashmir. What is the literacy rate of Buddhists? 72.7%
In the rural and urban areas, the literacy rates are 68.9% and 84.9% respectively. The improvement of literacy rates in rural areas is two times than that in urban areas. Name the three states/UTs with highest literacy rate in descending order. Kerala (93.91%), Lakshadweep (92.28%) and Mizoram (91.58%)
As per Census 2011, the demographic dividend added 1-1.5% to annual GDP growth. How much it would add from 2001 onwards according to IMF prediction? 1.5-2%
Created by: dhanalakshmi



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