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PRT110 - CH2 - Terms

Key Terms from Ch2 "Types of Hazards and Their Effects"

Acute short-term health effects
ceiling a concentration that should not be exceded by workers during an exposure period. Also called the Maximum Acceptable Ceiling
Chronic long-term health effects
dose-response relationship the connection between the amount (dose) and the effect (response) that a substance can have on the body
Permissible Exposure Limit (PEL) an OSHA limit representing the maximum acceptable expsure of workers to a hazard over a specific period of time
Routes of Entry the ways in which a hazardous substance can enter the body, such as inhalation through the nose, absorption through the skin or eyes, accidental ingestion, or through injections
Short-Term Exposure Limit (STEL) a concentration to which workers can be exposed for a short term (e.g., 15 min) before suffering any harm
Threshold Limit Value (TLV) a limit set by the American Conference of Government Industrial Hygenists, representing the maximum acceptable exposure of workers to a hazard over a specific period of time
Time Weighted Average (TWA) an average concentration of a chemical or a noise level to which an employee can be exposed over an eight hour period, or 40 hours a week
Created by: 1873918659595405