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PRT110 - CH1 - Terms

Key Terms form CH1 "introduction to Safety, Health & Environment"

TermDefinition
Administrative controls policies, procedures, programs, training, and supervision to establish rules and guidelines for workers to follow in order to reduce the risk of exposure to a hazard
Air pollution the contamination of the atmosphere, especially by industrial waste gases, fuel exhausts, smoke, or particulate matter (finely devided solids)
Attitude a state of mind or feeling with regard to some issue or event
Behavior an observable action or reaction of a person under certain circumstances
Biological Hazard a living or once-living organism, such as a virus, a mosquito, or a snake, that poses a threat to human health
Chemical Hazard any hazard that comes from a solid, liquid or gas element, compound or mixture that could cause health problems or pollution
Cybersecurity security measures intended to protect information and information technology from unauthorized access or use
DOT U.S. Department of Transportation; a U.S. Government agency with a mission of developing and coordinating policies to provide an efficient and economical national transportation system, taking into account need, the environment, and national defense
Engineering Controls controls that use technological and engineering improvements to isolate, diminish or remove a hazard from the workplace
EPA Environmental Protection Agency; a Federal agency charged with the authority to make and enforce national environmental policy
Ergonomic hazard hazards that can create physical and psychological stresses because of forceful or repetitive work, improper work techniques, or poorly designed tools and workspaces.
Facility also called a plant. A building or place that is used for a particular industry
Hazardous agent a substance, methor or action by which damage or destruction can happen to personnel, equipment or the environment
Hazards substances, methods, or actions by which damage or destructin can happen to personnel, equipment, facilities and/or the environment
Heat the transfer of energy from one object to another as a result of a temperature difference between the two objects
ISO 14000 an international standard that addresses how to incorporate environmental aspects into operations and product standards
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) a document that provides key safety, health and environmental information about a chemical
NRC Nuclear Regulatory Commission; a U.S. Government agency that protects public health and safety through regulation of nuclear power and the civilian use of nuclear materials
OSHA Occupational Safety and Health Administration; a USG agency created to establish and enforce workplace safety and health standards, conduct workplace inspections and propose penalties for noncompliance, and investigate serious workplace incidents
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) specialized gear that provides a barrier between hazards and the worker using the PPE
physical hazard any hazard that comes from environmental factors such as excessive levels of noise, temperature, pressure, vibration, radiation, electricity, and rotating equipment
physical security security measures intended to counter physical threats from a person or group seeking to intentionally harm other people or vital assets
process industries a broad term for industries that convert raw materials, using a series of actions or operations into products for consumers
process technician a worker in a process facility who monitors and controls mechanical, physical and/or chemical changes, throuhought many processes, to produce either a final product or an intermediate product, made from raw materials
process technology a controlled and monitored series of operations, steps, or tasks that converts raw materials into a product
security hazard a hazard or threat from a person or group seeking to intentionally harm people, computer resources or other vital assets
SHE Safety, Health and the Environment. Also referred to as HSE or EHS
Soil Pollution the accidental or intentional discharge of any harmful substances into the soil
Unit an integrated group of process equipment used to produce a specific product or process. All equipment contained in a department
Voluntary Protection Program (VPP) an OSHA program designed to recognize and promote effective safety and health management
Water pollution the introduction into a body of water or the water table of any EPA listed potential pollutant that affects the water's chemical, physical or biological integrity
Created by: 1873918659595405