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Geography Vocabulary

History Vocabulary Unit 1

TermDefinition
Geography The study of places and the relationships between people and their environments.
Physical Geography The study of Earth's seasons, climate, atmosphere, soil, streams, landforms, and oceans.
Human Geography The study of the distribution of networks of people and cultures on Earth's surface.
Longitude Indicates how far east or west of the prime meridian a place is located but runs north to south.
Latitude Indicates a location's distance north or south of the equator but runs east to west.
Cardinal Directions Degrees North, South, East or West
Meridian Line of Longitude
Parallels Imaginary lines that form circles around Earth (east to west), parallel to the equator. Each line is separated by one degree.
Absolute Location Identifies a precise position on Earth's surface.
Relative Location Describes where a place is located compared with other places.
Physical Map Identified natural features, such as mountains, deserts, oceans, and lakes. Can also indicate elevation or depth.
Political Map Shows how people have divided an area. On a larger scale, this is seen in the division of countries, but can also be seen in the representation of cities, states, countries, and other smaller political divisions.
Themes of Geography Uses Location, Place, Human-Environment Interaction, Movement and Region to provide a thorough view of the geographical area being observed.
Region An area that has one or more features that make it different from surrounding areas such as deserts, countries, or coasts.
Map Projection How we project the maps from a globe onto a flat map.
Conic Map Projection Lines of longitude are straight but lines of latitude are curved parallels. The dimensions are more accurate.
Cylindrical Map Projection Lines of latitude and longitude are perpendicular. Used to display the whole globe. Northern and southern parts are very distorted (inaccurate, squished together).
Ocean A large body of water.
Gulf A large part of the ocean that extends into land.
Isthmus A narrow piece of land connecting two larger land areas.
Delta An area where a river deposits soil into the ocean (or a sea).
Bay Part of a large body of water that is smaller than a gulf.
Island An area of land surrounded entirely by water.
Strait A narrow body of water connecting two larger bodies of water.
Peninsula An area of land that extends out into a lake, ocean, or sea.
River A natural flow of water that runs through the land.
Wetland An area of land covered by shallow water.
Forest An area of densely wooded land.
Lake An inland body of water.
Coast An area of land near the ocean.
Mountain An area of rugged land that generally rises more than 2,000 feet.
Valley An area of low land between hills or mountains.
Canyon A deep narrow valley with steep walls.
Volcano An opening in Earth's crust where lava, ash, and gases erupt.
Plain A nearly flat area.
Desert An extremely dry area with little water and few plants.
Plateau A large, flat, elevated area of land.
Oasis An area in the desert with a water source.
Azimuthal Map Projection A projection where the globe touches a flat surface at a single point. Accurately represents direction, but shape is distorted the further from the point of contact a place is located.
Created by: Agent.H.D.S