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Scientific Method

Vocab

TermDefinition
scientific method a plan for gathering, organizing, and communicating information in an experiment
questioning asking a question that can be tested from what you've observed that is specific and focused
hypothesis an educated guess or prediction about the testable question that is based on research and background knowledge
independent variable the one factor that you deliberately change or make different in order to create an investigation; the focus of the test; what is being compared (A vs B)
dependent variable the output variable; the result or the change that can be measured
controlled variables conditions or parts of the experiment that are kept the same for each group. They are what make it a Fair test.
observing using the 5 senses and tools to explore properties and characteristics of objects
qualitative observation noticing the qualities or characteristics of objects when using your 5 senses or noticing the color, size, or shape of object
quantitative observation data from measurements before and during a scientific test; recorded in numbers
data information gathered from a simple scientific investigation. Can be qualitative or quantitative.
measuring using tools like rulers, pan balances, and timers to find properties and data of objects
recording carefully and accurately writing down the data you collect during the test; can be shown in charts, graphs, pictures, or videos
analyzing studying the data and results to see what the test found; figuring out if the hypothesis was supported or not; explaining findings and making comparisons
inference an explanation based on prior experiences; not the final explanation, it's just an educated opinion of why something happened in the test; not based on facts or proof
Created by: ndouglas66
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