Busy. Please wait.
Log in with Clever

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
Sign up using Clever

Username is available taken
show password

Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
Your email address is only used to allow you to reset your password. See our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.

Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
Didn't know it?
click below
Knew it?
click below
Don't know
Remaining cards (0)
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how


What is the number one cause of TBI? falls (40.5%)
For the age group 5-24, what is the leading cause of TBI related death? >65 yrs? 0-4 yrs? motor vehicle accidents; falls; assault
What type of head injury includes an object penetrating the skull and entering the brain? open head injury
What type of head injury includes an external force or sudden, violent movement causing the brain to knock against the skull? closed head injury
When there is extensive or widespread damage d/t shearing forces (usually rotational) from rapid acceleration or deceleration? diffuse axonal injury
These result from direct impact to the head, bruising of the brain, usually more localized impairments than diffuse axonal injury. When an object comes into contact with a head that it stationary? Contusion
Contusions at the site of impact and the opposite side of the brain from the brain rebounding? When a moving head comes into contact with a stationary object? coup-contrecoup
When a sharp object (bullet, knife) breaks the skin and skull with a higher chance of infection? penetrating injury
Mass of blood between the dura and the skull; associated with skull fractures and causes rapid increase in intracranial pressure. epidural hematoma
Bleeding between the dura and arachnoid meningeal layers; associated with blunt trauma without skull fracture; usually from a tear in the veins of this area. subdural hematoma
majority of these occur in the frontal and temporal lobes; appearance on CT at be delayed intracerebral hematoma
increases in this result in displacement of the brain tissue, hydrocephalus, and ischemia intracranial pressure
what is normal intracranial pressure? 0-10 mmHg; increased is >20mmHg
What are the symptoms of increased ICP? headache, papilledema, vomiting, drowsiness, altered consciousness
What is the difference between the mean arterial pressure and intracranial pressure (net pressure gradient within the brain)? Cerebral perfusion pressure (normal CPP=/>70mmHg
At what level of cerebral perfusion pressure does it cause ischemia? <40-50mmHg
What values on the Glasgow coma scale coincide with mild, moderate, and severe TBI? mild:13-15; moderate: 9-12; severe: 3-8
What do you call the stage of recovery where there is unarousable unconsciousness, no periods of wakefulness or eye opening in response to stimulation; usually ventilator dependent? coma
Lack of awareness but preserved capacity for arousal (spontaneous or stimulus-induced); 7 criteria must be met (see slides); sleep-wake cycles are present; sufficient preservation of autonomic functions to permit survival with adequate medical care vegetative state
once >1 yr there is no improvement in neurological function, pt is deemed what? persistent vegetative state
discernable and reproducible evidence of awareness of self or environment by one or more of the following behaviors: simple command following, gestural or verbal yes/no responses, intelligible verbalization, purposeful behavior minimally conscious state
amnesia from events prior to injury retrograde amnesia
amnesia from events following injury anterograde amnesia
When do they deem post-traumatic amnesia as resolved? when a person can form and recall new memories
Describe the time parameters for severity of TBI based on duration of post-traumatic amnesia using the Westmead Post Traumatic Amnesia Scale Mild: 5-60 min; moderate: 1-24 hrs; severe: 1-7 days; very severe: 1-4 weeks; extremely severe: >4wks
RLA I no response
RLA II generalized response
RLA III localized response
RLA IV confused/agitated
RLA V confused, inappropriate, non-agitated
RLA VI confused, appropriate
RLA VII automatic, appropriate
RLA VIII purposeful, appropriate (SBA)
RLA IX purposeful, appropriate (SBA on request)
RLA X purposeful, appropriate (mod I)
Name 4 medications that are used for management of increased tone/spasticity. Baclofen-oral or pump (GABA receptor agonist); Diazepam (Valium)-benzodiazepine used to treat anxiety and relieve spasms; Dantrolene (muscle relaxant); Botulinum Toxin (neurotoxic protein)-injected for localized effects lasting 3-4 months
Name 3 other ways that contractures are managed. serial casting, dynamic splinting, surgery
How long is a joint typically immobilized during serial casting before having it removed and replaced? 7-10 days
Name an advantage and a disadvantage of dynamic splinting. (+) can doff splints monitor and clean skin; (-) pressure points are common because splints are not total contact
What are the common muscle groups that typically become contracted and are lengthened with tendon lengthening procedures? ankle PF, knee flexors, hip adductors, elbow flexors
Created by: metz
More popular Physical Therapy sets




Use these flashcards to help memorize information. Look at the large card and try to recall what is on the other side. Then click the card to flip it. If you knew the answer, click the green Know box. Otherwise, click the red Don't know box.

When you've placed seven or more cards in the Don't know box, click "retry" to try those cards again.

If you've accidentally put the card in the wrong box, just click on the card to take it out of the box.

You can also use your keyboard to move the cards as follows:

If you are logged in to your account, this website will remember which cards you know and don't know so that they are in the same box the next time you log in.

When you need a break, try one of the other activities listed below the flashcards like Matching, Snowman, or Hungry Bug. Although it may feel like you're playing a game, your brain is still making more connections with the information to help you out.

To see how well you know the information, try the Quiz or Test activity.

Pass complete!
"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
restart all cards