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TermDefinition
Quinapril Func. Class: Antihypertensive Chem. Class: Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor Action: reduce blood pressure
Ramipril Func. Class: Antihypertensive Chem. Class: ACE inhibitor Action: Reduces high blood pressure
Losartan Potassium Func. Class: Antihypertensive Chem. Class: Angiotensin II receptor (type AT1) Action: receptor blocker for high blood pressure
Losartan Potassium/Hydrochlorothiazide Func. Class: Diuretic Chem. Class: Angiotensin II receptor Action: Angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARB) + thiazide diuretic.
Olmesartan Medoxomil Func. Class: Antihypertensive Chem. Class: Angiotensin II receptor (type AT1) antagonist Action: Angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARB) for blood pressure
Valsartan Func. Class: Antihypertensive Chem. Class: Angiotensin II receptor antagonist (type AT1) Action: Angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARB) for blood pressure
Valsartan/Hydrochlorothiazide Func. Class: Antihypertensive Chem. Class: Class: Angiotensin II receptor antagonist (type AT1) and thiazide diuretic for blood pressure Action: Angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARB) for blood pressure and diuretic
Diltiazem Hydrochloride Func. Class: Calcium channel blocker and antihypertensive drug Chem. Class: benzothiazepine Action: Calcium channel blocker used to lower blood pressure
Verapamil Hydrochloride Func. Class: Calcium channel blocker and antihypertensive Chem. Class: Diphenylalkylamine Action: is to block voltage-dependent calcium channels
Amlodipine Besylate Func. Class: Antianginal calcium channel blocker, antihypertensive Chem. Class: Dihydropyridine Action: Dihydropyridine calcium channel blocker for high blood pressure
Amlodipine Besylate/Benazepril Func. Class: Antianginal calcium channel blocker, antihypertensive Chem. Class: ACE inhibitor Action: dihydropyridine calcium channel blocker with ACE inhibitor for high blood pressure
Nifedipine Func. Class: Calcium channel blocker, antihypertensive Chem. Class: Dihydropyridine Action: Dihydropyridine calcium channel blocker to reduce blood pressure
Hydralazine Hydrochloride Func. Class: Antihypertensive, vasodilator Chem. Class: Phthalazine Action: Directly relaxes vascular smooth muscle to cause peripheral vasodilation, decreasing arterial BP and peripheral vascular resistance.
Isosorbide Mononitrate Func. Class: Antianginal, vasodilator Chem. Class: Nitrate Action: a nitrate that dilates (widens) blood vessels, making it easier for blood to flow through them and easier for the heart to pump. Can help with chest pain
Nitroglycerin Func. Class: Coronary vasodilator, anyianginal Chem. Class: Nitrate Action: decreses pre/afterload which decreases left ventricular end-diastolic pressure and reduce high blood pressure
Atorvastatin Func. Class: Antilipidemic Chem. Class:HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor Action: inhibits HMG-CoA reductase enzyme, which reduces cholesterol synthesis leads to plaque regression
Lovastatin Func. Class: Antilipemic Chem. Class: HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor Action: inhibits HMG-CoA reductase which reduces cholesterol synthesis
Pravastatin Sodium Func. Class: Antilipemic Chem. Class: HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor Action: used to lower blood cholesterol and reduce the risk of heart attack, stroke and death
Rosuvastatin Calcium Func. Class: Antilipemic Chem. Class: HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor Action: used to lower blood cholesterol and reduce the risk of heart attack, stroke and death
Aspirin Func. class.: ​Opiate analgesic Chem. class.: ​Semisynthetic derivative Action: Inhibits ascending pain pathways in CNS, increases pain threshold, alters pain perception Used: mod-severe pain
Furosemide Func. class.: ​Loop diuretic Chem. class.: ​Sulfonamide derivative ACTION: Ascending loop of Henle in kidney, inhibiting reabsorption of electrolytes; inc. excretion of K+ in the distal tubule of the kidney; responsible for slight antihypertensive effec
Chlorthalidone Func. class.:Diuretic Action: Treats high blood pressure
Hydrochlorothiazide Func. class.: Diuretic, antihypertensive Chem. class.: Thiazide, sulfonamide derivative ACTION: acts on the distal tubule in the kidney, increasing excretion of sodium, water, chloride, and potassium USES: Edema, hypertension, diuresis, CHF
Hydrochlorothiazide; Triamterene Func. class.: Diuretic, antihypertensive Chem. class.: Thiazide, sulfonamide derivative ACTION: acts on the distal tubule in the kidney, increasing excretion of sodium, water, chloride, and potassium USES: Edema, hypertension, diuresis, CHF
Spironolactone Func. class.: ​Potassium-sparing diuretic Chem. class.: ​Aldosterone antagonist ACTION:Competes w/ aldosterone at receptor sites in distal tubule in the renal system, causing excretion of sodium chloride, water, retention of potassium, phosphate
Potassium Func. class.: ​Electrolyte, mineral replacement Chem. class.: ​Potassium ACTION: used for adequate transmission of nerve impulses & cardiac contraction, renal function, intracellular ion maintenance
Doxazosin Mesylate Func. class.: Peripheral α-adrenergic blocker, antihypertensive Chem. class.: Quinazoline ACTION: dilates peripheral blood vessels, PBV resistance lowers, reduction in BP results from blocked peripheral α-adrenergic receptors
Terazosin Func. class.: ​Antihypertensive Chem. class.: ​α-Adrenergic blocker (peripherally acting) ACTION: dilates peripheral blood vessels, PBV resistance lowers, reduction in BP results from blocked peripheral α-adrenergic receptors
Clonidine Func. class.: Antihypertensive, centrally acting analgesic Chem. class.: α-adrenergic agonist Action: Inhibits sympathetic vasomotor center in CNS, reduces impulses in Sympathetic NS; BP, pulse rate, cardiac output decreased
Propranolol Hydrochloride Func. class.: ​Antihypertensive, antianginal, antidysrhythmic (class III) Chem. class.: ​β-Adrenergic blocker ACTION:Nonselective β-blocker with negative inotropic, chronotropic, dromotropic properties
Propranolol Hydrochloride/Hydrochlorothiazide Func. class.: AHTN, antianginal, antidysrhythmic ACTION:Nonselective β-blocker w/ negative inotropic, chronotropic, dromotropic properties Func class: Diuretic, AHTN ACTION: acts on the distal tubule in the kidney, inc. excretion of Na+, h2o, Cl, and K
Atenolol Func. class.: ​Antihypertensive Chem. class.: ​β-Blocker; β1-, β2-blocker (high doses) slows conduction of AV node, dec. HR, dec. O2 consumption in myocardium; dec. renin-aldosterone-angiotensin system at high doses,
Atenolol; Chlorthalidone Antihypertensive Action decreases heart rate and blood pressure Func. class.:Diuretic Action: Treats high blood pressure
Simvastatin Func. Class: Antilipemic ChemClass: HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor Action: used to lower blood cholesterol and reduce the risk of heart attack, stroke and death
Fenofibrate Func. Class: Antilipemic Chem. Class: Fibric acid derivative Action: lowers triglyceride and cholesterol levels
Gemfibrozil Func. Class: Antilipemic Chem. Class: fibric acid derivative Action: lowers triglyceride and cholesterol levels
Ezetimibe Func. Class: Antilipemic Action: decreases cholesterol/triglyceride levels
Ezetimibe; Simvastatin Func. Class: Antilipemic Chem. Class: HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor Action: used to lower blood cholesterol and reduce the risk of heart attack, stroke and death
Warfarin Func. Class: Anticoagulant Action: prevention of clotting
Dabigatran Etexilate Mesylate Func. Class: Anticoagulant Chem. Class: Thrombin inhibitor Action: Decreased thrombus formation/extension
Rivaroxaban Func. Class: Anticoagulant Chem. Class: Factor Xa inhibitor Action: oral or novel anticoagulant that prevents DVT, stroke and systemic embolism
Clopidogrel Bisulfate Func. Class: Platelet aggregation inhibitor Chem. Class: Thienopyridine derivative Action: decreases possibility of stroke, MI by decreasing platelet aggregation
Digoxin Func. Class: Inotropic antidysrhythmic cardiac glycoside Chem. Class: Digitalis preparation Action: inhibits Na--K+ ATPase which increase calcium for contractile proteins=increases cardiac output/decreased edema/pulse
Amiodarone Hydrochloride Func. Class: Antidysrhythmic (Class III) Chem. Class: Iodinated benzofuran Action: decreased amount/severity of ventricular dysrhythamias
Metoprolol Func. class.: ​Antihypertensive, antianginal Action: Lowers B/P; reduces elevated renin plasma levels; blocks β2-adrenergic receptors in bronchial
Carvedilol Func. class.: Antihypertensive Action: decreases cardiac output, exercise-induced tachycardia, reflex orthostatic tachycardia; causes reduction in peripheral vascular resistance & vasodilatation
Nebivolol Hydrochloride Func. class.: ​Antihypertensive slows conduction of AV node = decreased HR, decreases O2 consumption, decreases renin-aldosterone-angiotensin system at high doses
Benazepril Hydrochloride Func. class.: ​Antihypertensive Suppresses renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system; inhibits ACE, preventing conversion of angiotensin I to angiotensin II
Enalapril Maleate Func. class.: ​Antihypertensive (used to treat high blood pressure and heart failure) inhibits ACE; prevents conversion of angiotensin I to angiotensin II, resulting in dilatation of arterial and venous vessels
Lisinopril Func. class.: ​Antihypertensive, angiotensin converting enzyme Action: Selectively suppresses renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system; inhibits ACE; prevents conversion of angiotensin I to angiotensin II Used to treat high blood pressure and heart failure
Lisinopril; Hydrochlorothiazide Func. class.: ​Antihypertensive, Diuretic Chem class.: ​Enalaprilat lysine analog, Thiazide inhibits ACE; prevents conversion of angiotensin I to angiotensin II Used to treat high blood pressure and heart failure
Created by: lvnpharm