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Comp. 13 Appendix A&C

a-; an-; ana- no; not; without
ante- before; forward
anti- against
bi- two; double; both
brady- slow
contra- against; opposite
dys- difficult; painful
endo- within
epi- above, upon
hyper- above; excessive
hypo- below; deficient
intra- within
mal- bad; poor; abnormal
neo- new
non- not
para- near; beside
per- through
peri- around; surrounding
poly- many; excessive
post- after
pre- before; in front of
semi- half
sub- below; under
syn- together; with
trachy- fast
tri- three
-algia pain
-cyte cell
-ectomy surgical removal
-emesis vomit
-emia blood
-ism condition
-itis inflammation
-lepsy seizure
-(o)logist specialist in the study or treatment of
-(o)logy study of
-oma tumor
-osis abnormal condition
-ostomy creation of an opening
-otomy incision into
-pathy disease
-phobia abnormal fear
-plasty surgical repair
-pnea breathing
-rrhea flow; discharge
-stasis control; stop
abdomin/o abdomen
arteri/o artery
arthr/o joint
ather/o fat; fatty plaque
audio/o hearing; sound
bronch/o bronchus
bronchiol/o bronchiole
bucc/o cheek
carcin/o cancer
cardi/o heart
cerebr/o cerebrum
coagul/o clotting
cyst/o bladder, sac
cyt/o cell
derm/o, dermat/o skin
electr/o electricity
encephal/o brain
erythr/o red
gastr/o stomach
gyn/o, gyn/e, gynec/o woman
hemat/o, hem/o blood
hepat/o liver
hydr/o water, fluid
hyster/o uterus
immune/o protection
lip/o fat
lymph/o lymph
muc/o mucus
my/o muscle
narc/o sleep
nas/o nose
nephr/o kidney
neur/o nerve
ocul/o, opthalm/o, opt/o eye
or/o mouth
oste/o bone
pancreat/o pancreas
phleb/o vein
phot/o light
pneum/o lungs, air
proct/o rectum
psych/o, psych/i mind or soul
pulmon/o lungs
quadr/i four
rect/o rectum
ren/o kidney
rhin/o nose
septi bacteria
thorac/o chest
thromb/o clot
trache/o trachea
urethr/o urethra
ven/o vein
cerebrospinal pertaining to the brain and the spinal cord
cerebrovascular pertaining to the brain and blood vessels that supply it
epidural pertaining to above the dura mater
epilepsy a disorder of the central nervous system characterized by recurrent seizures
meningitis inflammation of the meninges of the brain
neuralgia nerve pain
neurologist a physician who specializes in diseases of the neurological system
schizophrenia a type of psychosis in which the mind is said to be split from reality
bradycardia pertaining to slow heart rate
cardiologist a physician who specializes in diseases of the heart
cardiomyopathy disease of the heart muscle
endocardium membrane lining the cavities of the heart
hypertension high blood pressure
hypoxemia Too little oxygen in the blood
myocarditis inflammation of the heart muscle
myocardium heart muscle tissue
pericardium lining around the outside of the heart
tachycardium pertaining to a fast heart rate
bronchitis inflammation of the bronchi
dyspnea difficult, painful, or faulty breathing
hypoxia a condition of deficient oxygen levels
pharyngitis inflammation of the pharynx
pulmonologist specialist in disease of the lungs
rhinoplasty surgical repair of the nose
rhinorrhea discharge from the nose
spirometry measurement of breathing
stethoscope instrument used to listen to lung and heart sounds through the chest wall
arthritis inflammation of the joints
bursitis inflammation of the bursa, a fluid-filled sac around joints
intramuscular pertaining to within the muscle
myalgia muscle pain
orthopedic literally, means pertaining to straight foot-pertaining to the study of diseases of the skeletal and muscular system
tendinitis inflammation of tendon
endocrinology study of the secreting glands that comprise the endocrine system
hyperglycemia too much sugar in the blood
hyperthyroidism condition of too much thyroid hormone
hypokalemia low blood potassium
pancreatitis inflammation of the pancreas
autoimmune the disorder characterized by abnormal function of the immune system that causes the body to produce antibodies against itself
immunocompromised a condition in which the immune system has been compromised by disease or immunosuppressive agents
lukemia a malignant blood disease marked by abnormal white blood cells, or leukocytes
metastasis the spread of cancer cells beyond the original site of the tumor through blood or lymph
anemia a blood condition in which there is a reduction in the number of red blood cells, hemoglobin, or the volume of packed red blood cells
hematology medical study of the blood
myeloma tumor of the bone marrow
cholecystectomy surgical removal of gal bladderq
cirrhosis chronic liver condition that causes yellowing of tissues
colonoscopy process of viewing the colon
dyspenia the condition of indigestion, or of painful digestion
dysphagia pertaining to difficulty in eating or swallowing
esophagitis inflammation of the esophagus
gastroentologist specialist in the study or treatment of stomach sand intestines
nasogastric pertaining to the nose and the stomach
pancreatitis inflammation of the pancreas
sublingual pertaining to under the tongue
nephrectomy surgical removal of a kidney
polyuria condition in which one urinates excessively
pyelonephritis inflammation of the renal pelvis area of the kidney
urologist physicians who specializes in conditions of the urinary system
conjuctivitis inflammation of the conjuctiva
intraocular pertaining to the inside of the eye
ophthalmologist specialist in diseases of the eye
optometry process of measuring the eye
photophobia extreme sensitivity and discomfort from light
dermatitis inflammation of the skin
dermatologist specialist in the study of disease of the skin
epidermal pertaining to on the skin
histology the study of tissues
percutaneous through the skin
subcutaneous pertaining to below the skin
gynecologist a physician who specializes in the reproductive system of women
hysterectomy the surgical removal of the uterus
mammogram an x-ray of the breast
obstetrics the specialty pertaining to the care and treatment of mother and fetus throughout pregnancy, childbirth, and the immediate postpartum period
vasectomy excision of part of the vas deferens to produce male sterility
absorption the amount of medication that enters the bloodstream, or systemic circulation
accreditation process of granting recognition or vouching for compliance with established criteria
adjudication prescription claims adjudication refers to the determination of the insurer's payment after the member's insurance benefits are applied to a medical claim.
aseptic technique the technique and procedures designed to prevent contamination of drugs, packaging, equipment, or supplies by microorganisms during gastration
automated dispensing technology electronic storage cabinets or robotics that medications and dispense them to nurses or other caregivers when needed
automated medication dispensing device a drug storage device cabinet that contains an inventory if medications that are electronically dispensed so they may be administered to patients in a controlled manner
average sales price price based on manufacturer-reported selling price data and includes volume discounts and price concessions that are offered to all classes of trade
average wholesale price a commonly used benchmark for billing drugs that are reimbursed in the community pharmacy setting. The AWP for a drug is set by the manufacturer of the drug
beyond-use labeling a date that is given to a medication noting when it should no longer be used, also referred to as the expiration date
brand-name drug a drug is covered by a patent and is therefore only available from a single manufacturer
buccal a solid medication dosage form that is placed inn the pocket between the check and gum and absorbed through the check into the bloodstream
centralized dispensing automation technology that assists in the selection and dispensing of drug products that are located in a central location, such as the pharmacy, and that include robotics and carousels that use bar code scanning to select and label drug products for patients
centralized pharmacy pharmacy services that provided from one location in the hospital. pharmacy personnel, resources, and functions primarily reside within this self-contained location
certification a voluntary process by which a nongovernmental agency or association grants recognition to an individual who has met certain predetermined qualifications specified by that agency or association.
chain pharmacy a pharmacy that is part of a large number of corporately owned pharmacies that use the same name and carry similarly branded OTC products
community pharmacy generally a stand-alone pharmacy located within a community that provides medication services to ambulatory patients
compounding usually takes place in a pharmacy and includes the preparation, mixing, packaging, and labeling of a small quantity of a drug based on a practitioner's prescription or medication order for a specific patient
controlled substances drugs or chemical substances whose possession and use are regulated under the Federal Controlled Substances Act and by state controlled substance laws and regulations. Controlled substances stricter controls than other prescriptions
co payment (copay) the portion of the cost of a prescription that the patient is responsible for paying when a part of the cost is covered by third-party payer.
decentralized pharmacy pharmacy services that are provided on or near a patient care area. These services are often supported by a centralized
direct purchasing buying directly from a manufacturer , it typically involves the execution of a purchase order from the pharmacy to the manufacturer of the drug
dispensing the act of preparing a medication for use by a patient as authorized by a prescription
drug distribution services the systems used to distribute medication that begins when the medication is received by the pharmacy and ends when the medications is administered to the patient
Drug Enforced Administration (DEA) the federal agency that administers and enforces federal laws for controlled substances and illegal substances such as narcotics and other dangerous drugs. the DEA is part of the US department of justice
durable medical equipment reasonable equipment used for the treatment of illness or injury
electronic medication administration record (eMAR) a component of the computerized patient medical record in which nurses and other healthcare providers document times and dates when a medication was administered to the patient
elixir a clear, sweet, flavored water and alcohol(hydroalcoholic) mixture intended for oral use
excretion the irreversible removal of a drug or metabolite from a body fluid. the most common location of drug excretion is the kidneys; the biliary tract is another important route of excretion
formulary A specific list of drugs that are included with a given prescription drug plan.
generic drug A drug that is no longer covered by a patient and is therefore generally available from multiple manufacturers, usually resulting in a significant reduction in cost
hazardous material any material that poses a risk to people, animals, property, or the environment
Health insurance portability and accountability act Federal legislation enacted to establish guidelines for the protection of patient's private health information
hospital formualry an approved list of medications that are routinely stocked in the hospital pharmacy to treat the types of patients the hospital typically serves
inhalant A fine powder or solution of a drug delivered as a mist through the mouth into the respiratory tract
intracardiac Injected directly into the heart muscle
intradermal Injected into the top layers of the skin
intramuscular Injected directly into a large muscle mass, such as the upper arm,thigh, or buttock, and absorbed from the muscle tissue into the bloodstream
intrathecal Injected into the space around the spinal cord
intravenous Injected directly into a vein and therefore immediately available to act in the body
legend drug A drug that is required by federal law to be dispensed by prescription only. It is the older term for drugs that are now identified as Rx only
licensure The process by which an agency of the government grants permission to an individual to engage in a given occupation upon finding that the applicant has attained a degree of competency necessary
lozenge A hard disc shaped solid medication dosage form that contains medication in a sugar base, which is released as a Lozenge is held in the mouth and sucked
mail-order pharmacy A pharmacy that functions like a warehouse with the pharmacist and technicians who dispense prescriptions that are mailed to patients
material safety data sheets Information sheets provided by manufacturers for chemicals or drugs that may be hazardous in the workplace. They provide information about the specific hazards of the chemicals or drugs used at the work-site, guidelines for their safe use, and recommendat
medication administration record (MAR) A component of the paper patient medical record in which nurses and other healthcare providers document times and dates when the medication was administered to the patient
Medication error Any error occurring in the medication use process.
medication order A written electronic, telephone, or verbal request for a patient medication in an inpatient setting
national drug code (NDC) number A unique number assigned to each drug strength, and package size for the purpose of identification
ointment A semisolid medication dosage form, applied to the skin or mucous membranes, which lubricate and softens or is used as a base for drug delivery
over the counter (OTC) drugs Drugs that are available without a prescription
parenteral A round of medication administration that bypasses the gastrointestinal tract, such at intravenous, intramuscular, or subcutaneous administration
patient counseling The act of educating the patient, by a pharmacist, regarding the proper use of a prescribed drug, at the time of dispensing.
patient profile A list of information about patient including name, identification number, date of birth, sex, height, weight, lab values, admitting in secondary diagnoses, room in bed number, names of admitting and consulting physician, allergies, medications, special c
pharmacist A healthcare professional licensed by the state to engage in the practice of pharmacy. Pharmacists have advanced training in the pharmaceutical sciences such as pharmacology Pharmacokinetics, and pharmaceutics
pharmacy satelite A physical space located in or near a patient care areas that can provide a variety of distributive and clinical services
practice of pharmacy The practice of pharmacy is regulated by each state through its pharmacy laws and regulations. The state laws and regulations establish the scope of the practice of pharmacy in the particular state, meaning the responsibilities that pharmacists are permit
prescription The written or verbal authorization by an authorized prescriber, for the use of a particular pharmaceutical agents for an individual patient. This term also refers to the physical product dispensed
primary prescription label A label, affixed to a dispensed drug product, that contains legally required information, including pharmacy name and address, patient name, prescriber name, drug name, directions for use, date dispensed, cautionary statements, sequential prescription num
professional A person who practices in occupational or vocation that requires advanced specialized training
professionalism Actively demonstrating the attitudes, qualities and behaviors of a professional while performing the duties of one's profession
purchase order A document executed by the purchaser and forwarded to a supplier that is considered a legal offer to buy products or services.
registration The process of making a list or being enrolled in a existing list. A pharmacy technician may be required to be registered with the state board of pharmacy before being able to legally carry out some pharmacy functions
STAT Abbreviation of the Latin word Statim, meaning immediately; commonly used on medication orders to indicate the need for the drug right away
stock rotation Placing the products that will expire the soonest in the front of the shelf or bin and those with later expiration dates behind them.
subcutaneous Deposited in the tissue just under the skin
sublingual Placed under the tongue, where it dissolves and is absorbed into the bloodstream
suspension A mixture of fine particles of an undissolved solid spread throughout liquid or, less commonly, a gas.
technician An individual skill in the practice or mechanical aspects of a profession. A pharmacy tech assists pharmacists by performing routine, day-to-day functions of the practice of pharmacy that do not require the judgment of a pharmacist
topical Applied to the skin, mucous membranes, or other external parts of the body such as fingernails, toenails, and hair
transdermal Through the skin; percutaneous
unit dose distribution system A system that provides all or most medications to patients in a unit dose ready-to-administer form.
unit-of-use packaging Unit-dose package A non-reusable container designed to hold a quantity of drug to be administered as a single dose.
wholesaler Wholesaler A large-scale warehouse with drugs and supplies located in various geographic region that exist to help bring pharmaceutical products closer to the market.
Created by: Lizz2270



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