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Science Cell Vocab.

Science Cells Vocab. if you don't know em then play

TermDefinition
Cell the smallest structural and functional unit of an organism, typically microscopic and consisting of cytoplasm and a nucleus enclosed in a membrane. Microscopic organisms typically consist of a single cell, which is either eukaryotic or prokaryotic.
Organelle any of a number of organized or specialized structures within a living cell.
Prokaryotic a microscopic single-celled organism that has neither a distinct nucleus with a membrane nor other specialized organelles. Prokaryotes include the bacteria and cyanobacteria.
Eukaryotic A eukaryote is any organism whose cells have a cell nucleus and other organelles enclosed within membranes.
Multicellular (of an organism or part) having or consisting of many cells.
Unicellular (of protozoans, certain algae and spores, etc.) consisting of a single cell.
Biotic relating to or resulting from living things, especially in their ecological relations.
Abiotic physical rather than biological; not derived from living organisms.
Cell membrane he semipermeable membrane surrounding the cytoplasm of a cell.
Cell Wall a rigid layer of polysaccharides lying outside the plasma membrane of the cells of plants, fungi, and bacteria.
Chloroplast (in green plant cells) a plastid that contains chlorophyll and in which photosynthesis takes place.
Mitochondria an organelle found in large numbers in most cells, in which the biochemical processes of respiration and energy production occur.
Cytoplasm the material or protoplasm within a living cell, excluding the nucleus.
Lysosome an organelle in the cytoplasm of eukaryotic cells containing degradative enzymes enclosed in a membrane.
Nucleus a dense organelle present typically a single rounded structure bounded by a double membrane, containing the genetic material.
Cell Theory a theory in biology that includes one of the statements that the cell is the fundamental structural and functional unit of living matter and that the organism is composed of autonomous cells with its properties being the sum of those of its cells.
Tissue any of the distinct types of material of which animals or plants are made, consisting of specialized cells and their products.
Organ a part of an organism that is typically self-contained and has a specific vital function, such as the heart or liver in humans.
Organ system an organ system is a group of organs that work together to perform one or more functions.
Organism an individual animal, plant, or single-celled life form.
Homeostasis the tendency known as maintained by physiological processes.