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Atomic structure

TermDefinition
Atoms Smallest particles of an element that maintains the characteristics of that element.
Atoms consists of Nucleus composed of protons and neutrons
Electrons Lighter particles that orbit the nucleus
Element Atoms that are similar to one another but are different from the atoms of other elements
Compounds Atoms of two or more elements
Chemical reaction Involves the rearrangement, separation or combination of atoms
Isotopes Different atoms of the same element
Bonds Atoms combine chemically with one another
Compound Bond atoms of two or more different elements combine
Ionic bond one atom gains electrons while the other atom loses electrons from the outermost level or orbit
Covalent bond Bond where the atoms share electrons to fill their outermost levels
Examples of ionic bonds Mineral salts such as: Sodium Chloride Potassium Calcium Phosphate
Examples of covalent bonds Four and the most important elements form this Bond: Carbon (C) Oxygen (O) Hydrogen (H) Nitrogen (N)
Hydrogen bond
Energy The ability to work
4 most important elements 1. Carbon (C) 2. Oxygen (O) 3. Hydrogen (H) 4. Nitrogen (N)
Created by: Evelyn Brown