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Prefix Root Suffix

PTCB Drug Prefixes, Roots and Suffxes

Prefix Root SuffixDrug Catetory
-afil phosphodiesterase (PDE) inhibitor
-asone corticosteroid
-bicin antineoplastic; cytotoxic agent
-bital barbiturate (sedative)
-caine local anesthetic
cef-, ceph- cephalosporin antibiotic
-cillin penicillin antibiotic
cort corticosteroid
-cycline tetracycline antibiotic
-dazole anthelmintic; antibiotic; antibacterial
-dipine calcium channel blocker
-dronate bisphosphonate; bone resorption inhibitor
-eprazole proton pump inhibitor (PPI)
-fenac NSAID
-floxacin quinolone antibiotic
-gliptin antidiabetic; inhibitor of the DPP-4 enzyme
-glitazone antidiabetic; thiazolidinedione
-iramine antihistamine
-lamide carbonic anhydrase inhibitor
-mab monoclonal antibody
-mustine alkylating agent (antineoplastic)
-mycin antibiotic; antibacterial
-nacin muscarinic antagonist (anticholinergic)
-nazole antifungal
-olol beta blocker
-olone corticosteroid
-olone anabolic steroid
-onide corticosteroid
-oprazole proton pump inhibitor (PPI)
parin; -parin antithrombotic; anticoagulant (blood thinner)
-phylline xanthine derivative (bronchodilator)
-pramine tricyclic antidepressant (TCA)
pred; pred- corticosteroid
-pril ACE inhibitor
-profen NSAID
-ridone atypical antipsychotic
-sartan angiotensin II receptor antagonist; ARB
-semide loop diuretic (water pill)
-setron serotonin 5-HT3 receptor antagonist
-setron antiemetic and antinauseant
-statin HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor; statins
sulfa- antibiotic; anti-infective; anti-inflammatory
-tadine antihistamine
-tadine antiviral; anti-influenza-A
-terol beta agonist; bronchodilator
-thiazide thiazide diuretic (water pill)
-tinib antineoplastic (kinase inhibitor)
-trel female hormone (progestin)
tretin-; tretin; -tretin retinoid; dermatologic agent; form of vitamin A
-triptan antimigraine; selective 5-HT receptor agonist
-tyline tricyclic antidepressant (TCA)
vir; -vir antiviral; anti-HIV
vir; -vir antiviral; anti-hepatitis
-vir antiviral; anti-herpes
-vir antiviral; anti-CMV
-vir antiviral; anti-flu
-vudine antiviral; nucleoside analogues
-zepam benzodiazepine
-zodone antidepressant
-zolam benzodiazepine
-zosin alpha blocker
Created by: demixlynn