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Chapter 16-pharm tec

Therapeutic agents for the endocrine system

QuestionAnswer
Condition in which the development of the brain and body is inhibited by a congenital lack of thyroid secretion Cretinism
Prominence of the eyeball caused by increased thyroid hormone Exophthalmos
Low glucose concentration in the bloodstream Hypoglycemia
An autoimmune disorder caused by hypersecretion of thyroid hormones with diffuse goiter,exophthalmos, and skin changes as symptoms Graves' Disease
Increased calcium concentration in the blood Hypercalcemia
Chronic disease associated with hyperglycemia with two types, Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Simple sugar Glucose
Conditions resulting in a decrease in levels of adrenocortical hormones such as mineralcorticoids and glucocorticoids, which causes symptoms including muscle weakness and weight loss Addison's Disease
Low concentration of calcium in the blood Hypocalcemia
Known as T3; contains 3 ions of iodine Liothyronine
Elevated glucose concentration in the bloodstream Hyperglycemia
The greek word for hormone means "to excite". True or False? False, orme is the greek word for "to excite"
Hormones control women and their moods only. True or False? False
All hormones are composed of proteins. True or False? False
Steroids enter and attach to receptors sites inside the cell. True or False? True
PTU and methimazole are used for the treatment of? Hyperthyroidism
Doxercalciferol and Calcitriol are used for the treatment of? Hyperparathyroidism
The gland that secretes hormones that help the body keep calcium levels adequate is the? Thyroid
The largest endocrine gland is the _______________ , which produces insulin and glucagon. Pancreas
Which of the following is not a system that influences the endocrine system? Hormonal chemicals that participate in a chain reaction
Which gland influences water balance, body temperature, appetite, and emotions? Hypothalamus
Which glands participate in the activities of the kidney? Adrenals
Failure of the endocrine system to preform correctly affects what area of the bosy? Brain, Kidney, and Heart
Melatonin is a chemical substance that helps control the skin's ability to tan. True or False? False, Melatonin is actually used for insomnia.
The pituitary gland is referred to as the master gland. True or False? False, its actually referred to as the control tower.
Calcium is the major mineral found in bones. True or False? True
The pancreas is not the largest organ in the endocrine system. True or False? False, it is.
Men stop producing sperm at some point during their midlife. True or False? False
The most well-known condition that can affect the endocrine system is diabetes. True or False? True
A goiter is an enlargement of the? Thyroid gland
A deficiency of growth hormone in children may result in hypoglycemia and short stature, resulting in : Hypopituitary dwarfism
Addison's disease is a rare hormonal disorder that is caused by a deficiency of ? ACTH
The main categories of insulin used therapeutically include all of the following except? Diverse-acting
The ______________ , _____________ and _______________ glands, located in the brain, play an important role in hormone production. pituitary, hypothalamus and pineal
The _________________ links the nervous system to the endocrine system. hypothalamus
________________ hormones act on the same cell from which they are secreted, and ______________ hormones influence cells that are located farther away. Aurocrine and endocrine
Hormones of the endocrine system are classified as ____________, ____________, and ___________. proteins, steroids and amines
The _____________ ___________ is analogous to the control tower of the endocrine system. pituitary gland
The 2 hormones involved in the "fight or flight" response are _________________ and ___________________. epinephrine and norepinephrine
The ovaries secrete the hormones ______________ and ______________ and the testes secrete _____________. estrogen and progesterone ; testosterone
The hormone ________________ stimulates uterine contractions and cervical dilation during birth and lactation. oxytocin
________________ , _____________ and _________________ are 3 types of hormones produced by the adrenal cortex. Catecholamines, epinephrine and norepinephrine
The cause of insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus is the inability of the _____________ to synthesize and secrete ____________. pancreas ; insulin
Condition caused by excessive secretion of adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) from the anterior pituitary gland Cushing's Disease
Condition associated with a decrease in overall thyroid function in adults; also known as hypothyroidism Myxedema
Conditions in which the thyroid is enlarged because of a lack of iodine Goiter
Known as T4 : contains four iodine ions Levothyroxine
What is the indication for Synthroid? Thyroid replacement
What is the indication for Glucophage? Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
What is the indication for Florinef? Addison's disease
What is the indication for Tapazole? Hyperthyroidism
What is the indication for Sensipar? Hypercalcemia
Glucotrol is the brand name for ___________. Glipizide
Rocaltrol is the brand name for ____________. Calcitriol
Medrol is the brand name for ___________________________. Methylprednisolone
Sandostatin is the brand name for ______________. Octreotide
Glucophage is the brand name for ______________. Metformin
Humulin N is ___________. Intermediate-acting
Novolog is ___________. Rapid-acting
Lantus is ____________. Long-acting
Humulin R is _____________. Short-acting
Humulin 70/30 is _____________. Pre-mixed
What is the difference between the endocrine and exocrine glands? The endocrine gland uses the bloodstream to reach target sites while the exocrine gland uses tubes/ducts to reach target organs or tissues.
List the hormones that the thyroid gland produces that affects metabolism. T4, T3, and Calcitonin
List the signaling pathways that influence the endocrine system and the production of hormones. Negative feedback, Positive feedback and via the nervous system
Created by: jeniinwonderland