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chapter 17-pharm tec

Therapeutic agents for the musculoskeletal system

QuestionAnswer
Bone located below the cartilage, particularly within a joint Subchondral Bone
Fatty network of connective tissue that fills the cavities of bones Bone Marrow
Junction between a nerve fiber and the muscle it supplies Neuromuscular Junction
Feeling or state of intense excitement and happiness Euphoria
The bark from the willow tree is effective as a pain, fever, and inflammation reducer. True or False? True
Acetaminophen is not a anti-inflammatory agent. True or False? True
The 1st company to market aspirin was St. Joseph's. True or False? False, the 1st to market aspirin was Bayer in 1899.
Osteoarthritis is the most common form of joint disease. True or False? True
The prognosis of osteoporosis can be good when treated with dietary changes, exercise and medication. True
Weight loss, abstaining from alcohol, and adopting a low purine diet can be particularly beneficial for those with gout. True or False? True
Individuals with liver disease may take 4,000 mg of acetaminophen daily. True or False? False, its up to 2,00- 3,000 mg
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) all work the same; if one brand does not work, neither will another brand. True or False? False
Aspirin is used to treat: Thromboembolism, inflammation and fever
What is true about NSAIDs? They reduce fever.
Aspirin should not be given to children because its use in that age group has been linked to: Reye's syndrome
Relafen and Toradol are both? NSAIDs
NSAIDs are used to treat many different types of conditions and chronic illnesses, including? Muscle pain. rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and joint pain such as in osteoarthritis
Aspirin should be used cautiously in combination with __________________ such as warfarin. anticoagulants
NSAIDs suppress inflammation by inhibiting the enzyme _________________ which is responsible for prostaglandin synthesis. cyclooxygenase
____________ ______________ can also be helpful in the management of osteoarthritis and muscle strains. Topical products
Analgesia with opioids is medicated through changes in the perception of _______ at the level of the spinal cord and CNS. pain
Opioid medications are ________________ _______________ with the schedule depending on the agent and formulation. controlled substances
Fractures of the ________ and ___________ ____________ are associated with the most morbidity and mortality. hip and longe bones
_______________ helps to increase bone density. Exercise
________________ _____________________ _________________ are often used for injuries of the musculoskeletal system and work by deceasing muscle tone. Skeletal muscle relaxant
_________________ capsules and tablets vary enough to cause differences in efficacy and side effects if changing between dosage forms. Tizanidine
Neuromuscular blocking agents are used with ______________ when a patient is undergoing surgery. anesthetics
which can be used topically to help treat muscle stains and osteoarthritis? Tiger balm
The maximum daily dosage of acetaminophen is? 4 g
The drug ___________ is used only for treatment of osteoporosis. Miacalcin
Oral bisphosphonate medications should be taken? On an empty stomach
What is reye`s syndrome? It occurs following chicken pox or upper respiratory tract viral infection, which causes vomiting, lethargy and encephalopathy.
What 3 properties do aspirin and NSAIDs have? Analgesic, antipyretic and antiinflammatory
What 3 problems can be caused by the overuse of NSAIDs? Worsen stomach problems (GERD), Gastrointestinal (GI) ulcers and Gastrointestinal bleeding
What is GI? Gastrointestinal
What is the drug classification of aspirin? Salicylate
What is the drug classification of Indocin? NSAID
What is the drug classification of Celebrex? Cox-2 inhibitor
What is the drug classification of Percocet? Opioid analgesic
What is the drug classification of Narcan? Opioid antagonist
What is the drug classification of Actonel? Bisphosphonate
What is the drug classification of Miacalcin? Calcitonin hormone analogue
What is the drug classification of Zyloprim? Xanthine oxidase
What is the drug classification of Prolia? Monoclonal antibody
What is the drug classification of Forteo? Parathyroid hormone analogue
Disease characterized by defective metabolism of uric acid that leads to arthritis and acute pain Gout
Thin membrane in synovial (freely moving) joints that lines the joint capsule and secrets synovial fluid Synovium
Created by: jeniinwonderland