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Chapter 18 - pharmac

Thereapeutic Agents for the Cardiovascular System

QuestionAnswer
A normal heart beats 160-200 times per minute? True or False? False. The average heart beats 60-100 times per minute.
A set of conditions that occur together. Syndrome
Medication used to break up a thrombus or blood clot. Thrombolytic
A vessel that carries oxygenated blood from the heart to the tissues of the body. Artery
Thin membrane that lines the interior of the heart. Endocardium
An agent that increases urine output and excretion of water from the body. Diuretic
The right atrium receives oxygenated blood from the lungs and pumps it out to the body. True or False? False.
The good cholesterol is known as LDL. True or False? False. Good cholesterol is HDL aka high density lipids.
Most of the body's blood supply is cycled through the heart in 1 minute. True or False? True.
The cardiac conduction system provides the electrical charge that makes the heart pump. True or False? True.
Heart failure (HF) is a condition in which the heart cannot pump as vigorously as necessary to deliver blood throughout the body. True or False? True.
High blood pressure is also known as the "silent killer" because it has no obvious signs. True.
A vessel that carries deoxygenated blood to the heart. Vein
Tenormin, Inderal, and Lopressor are all classified as? Beta-blockers
Which of the following is not a main layer of the heart? Subcardium
Rapid heart rate, usually greater than 100 beats per minute is? Hypertension
Gemfibrozil, simvastatin and ezetimibe are classified as? Antihyperlipidemics
A dry, hacking cough that does not resolve over time is a side effect of? ACE Inhibitors
An antidote for an overdose of Lanoxin is? Digibind
In addition to treating hypertension ,___________ can be used for migraine prophylaxis and treatment of some tremors. Propanolol
Nitrostat tablets should be administered by which route? SL- sublingual
_____________ is a syndrome that affects arterial blood vessels. Atherosclerosis
The main arteries that supply blood to the heart muscle are called __________ ___________. coronary arteries
A thrombus in the heart can cause a _____________ _____________. Myocardial infraction (Aka a heart attack)
Which antihyperlipidemic drug is also used to treat type 2 diabetes? Colesevelam (B: welchol)
Antihyperlipidemic Bile acid sequestrants, HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors
Arrhythmic agents Quinidine, procainamide, amiodarone
Antiplatelet agents Clopidogrel, aspirin
Antihypertensives ACE inhibitors, beta blockers, calcium channel blockers
Anticoagulants Heparin, warfarin
What is the generic for Mevacor? Lovastatin
What is the generic for Norpace? Disopyramide
What is the generic for Lanoxin? Digoxin
What is the generic for Dyrenium? Traimterene
What is the generic for Lotensin? Benazepril
What is the generic for Hytrin? Terazosin
What is the generic for Quinidex? Quinidine
What is the generic for Zestril? Linsinopril
What is the generic for Cozaar? Losartan
What is the generic for Cardizem? Diltazem
Nitrates are used inthe treatment of _________. Angina
___________ is a B vitamin that helps lower cholesterol. Niacin
_____________ and _____________ are 2 side effects of hypotension. Synocope and dizzines
What is synocope? Fainting
A catogory of drugs available over the counter (OTC) that can increase blood pressure are the ______________. NSAIDS
Cholester is important for the making of _____________ ___________ and ________ ____________. Steroid hormones and cell membranes
When niacin is used at theraputic doeses it can cause the characteristic ___________ _________ which can result in headaches, pain, and prurtitus in some people "Niacin flush"
Protein that speeds up a reaction by reducing the amount of energy required to initiate a reaction. Enzyme
To solidify or change from a fluid state to a solid state as in forming a blood clot. Coagulation
Large vein that brings deoxygenated blood from the upper and lower part of the body to the right atrium of the heart. Vena Cava
An enzyme formed in coagulating blood that forms blood clots. Thrombin
Extremly small vessel that connects the ends of the smallest arteries to the smallest veins; where the exchange of nutrients and waste, oxygen, and carbon dioxide occurs Capillary
Muscle tissue layer of the heart Myocardium
A clump of material, often a blood clot, that travels from one part of the body to another ending up obstructing a blood vessle Embolus
Fluid-filled membrane that surrounds the heart Pericardium
Inner layer of the pericardium Epicardium
What are 4 common classifications of agents used to treat heart conditions? ACE inhibitors, Beta-blockers, Calcium channel blockers & diuretics.
Created by: jeniinwonderland