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path skeletal 3

skeletal pathology quiz stack 3

Transverse fracture runs at a right angle to the long axis of the bone
Oblique fracture usu. Runs at a 45 degree angle to the long axis of the bone
Spiral fracture encircles the shaft of the bone, longer than oblique
Comminuted fracture composed of 2+ fragments
Avulsion fracture small fragments torn from bony prominences
Butterfly fracture elongated triangular fragment of cortical bone
Segmental fracture a segment of the shaft is isolated from two other larger fragments
Compression fracture compaction of bone trabeculae
depressed fracture fragments of a fracture are driven inaward, as with a blow to the skull.
Stress/fatigue fracture response to repeated stress, not a true fx
Torus/buckle fracture one cortex remains intact while the opposite is impacted
Displacement fracture separation of bony fragments
Subluxation fracture partial dislocation of a bone from a joint.
Colles’ fracture transverse fx of the distal radius and ulna with posterior displacement of the distal portions. Usu. “FOOSH”
Most common fx of the carpal bones: navicular
Boxer’s fracture transverse fx of the neck of the 5th metacarpal
Monteggia fracture isolated fx of the shaft of the ulna with anterior dislocation of the radius at the elbow
Pott’s fracture fx of both malleoli with dislocation of the ankle joint
Trimalleolar fracture fx of both malleoli and posterior tibia
Jones fracture transverse fx at the base of the 5th metatarsal, usu. With inversion injury.
Created by: annaluz87