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Pharm 1

TermDefinition
Absorption The act of taking up or in by specific chemical or molecular action; especially the passage of liquids or other substances through a surface of the body into body fluids and tissues.
Adverse effect A symptom produced by a drug or therapy that is injurious to the patient.
Agonist A drug that has affinity for the cellular receptors of another drug or natural substance and that produces a physiological effect.
Antagonist A substance that tends to nullify the action of another, as a drug that binds to a cellular receptor for a hormone, neurotransmitter, or another drug blocking the action of that substance without producing any physiologic effect itself.
Bioavailability The degree to which a drug or other substance becomes available to the target tissue after administration.
Bio technology The use of living organisms or biological processes for the purpose of developing useful agricultural, industrial, or medical products, especially by means of techniques, such as genetic engineering, that involve the modification of genes.
Biotransformation The series of chemical alterations of a compound (e.g., a drug) occurring within the body, as by enzymatic activity.
Bolus A rounded mass of food or pharmaceutical preparation ready to be swallowed, or such a mass passing through the gastrointestinal tract.
Contraindication Any condition that renders a particular line of treatment improper or undesirable.
Distribution The geographical range of an organism or disease.
Duration A continuous period of time.
Emulsion a mixture of two immiscible liquids, one being dispersed throughout the other in small droplets.
Enteral Within, or by way of, the intestine or gastrointestinal tract.
Excretion Waste material eliminated from the body, including feces, urine, and sweat. Mucus and carbon dioxide also can be considered excretions. The organs of excretion are the intestinal tract, kidneys, lungs, and skin
Hypersensitivity Overly sensitive.
Idiosyncratic effect A reaction to a medication that is unusual and unpredictable.
Indication A sign or circumstance that points to or shows the cause, treatment, or some other aspect of a disease.
Local effect Drug only acts in the area where it is.
Onset The beginning.
Parenteral By means other than through the digestive tract.
Pharmacodynamics The study of how the drug affects the organism.
Pharmacokinetics A branch of pharmacology dedicated to determining the fate of substances administered to a living organism.
Plasma protein binding A drug's efficiency may be affected by the degree to which it binds to the proteins within blood plasma. The less bound a drug is, the more efficiently it can traverse cell membranes or diffuse.
Reconstituted To bring (a concentrated solution or a dehydrated substance) to normal strength or condition by adding water.
Side effect Any unwanted nontherapeutic effect caused by a drug.
Solubility The ability of a substance to dissolve.
Solution A homogeneous mixture of two or more substances, which may be solids, liquids, gases, or a combination of these.
Suspension A temporary prohibition or exclusion.
Synergist Combines with another to enhance an effect.
Systemic effect Effects the whole body.
Topical Applied to the skin.
Controlled substances A drug or chemical substance whose possession and use are prohibited by or regulated under the federal Controlled Substances Act or an analogous state law.
Narcotics Any drug that can cause a stupor, illegal recreational drugs.
DEA Drug enforcement administration, enforces laws governing narcotics and controlled substances.
FDA Food and drug administration, a federal agency responsible for monitoring trading and safety standards.
Joint Commission US nonprofit organization that accredits health care organizations and programs in the US.
OTC Over the counter, medication that can be bought without a prescription.
PDR Physician's desk reference, a reference book published yearly that contains drug monographs and an illustrated section for drug identification.
USP-NF United States Pharmacopeia-National Formulary, book of medication standards.
Created by: terahnicole
 

 



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