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PTA Peds

PTA Pediatric Reflexes

TermDefinition
Asymmetrical Tonic Neck Reflex Birth to 6 mo; Head position turn to 1 side, arm and leg ext; Interferes with: feeding, visual tracking, midline and bilateral use of hands, rolling, crawling and skeletal deformities
Symmetrical Tonic Neck Reflex 6-8 mo; Head flexed + limbs flexed and opposite; interferes with: ability to prop on arms, quadriped; crawling; sitting balance; skeletal deformities
Tonic Labrynthine Reflex Birth to 6 mo; Position of inner ear, supine = ext, prone = flex; interferes with: ability to roll, ability to prop on elbows, sitting, balance in sitting and standing
Galant Reflex 30 weeks gestation to 2 months; touch skin along spine, and lateral flexion in that direction; interferes with; sitting, can lead to scoliosis
Palmar Grasp Reflex Birth to 4 mo; interferes with ability to grasp and release objects and weight bearing on open hands
Plantar Grasp Reflex 28 weeks gestation to 9 mo; Pressure to base of toes = toe flexion; interferes with: standing on flat feet, balance reactions in weight bearing activities
Rooting Reflex 28 weeks to 3 mo; interferes with: oral motor development, mid line head control; visual tracking
Moro Reflex 28 weeks gestation to 5 mo; head drop = arm abductioni and finger ext then adduction and crying; interferes with: balance reactions in sitting, visual tracking, hand eye coordination
Startle Reflex 28 weeks gestation to 5 mo; loud, sudden noise = shoulder abduction, elbow flexion, hands closed and cry; interferes with: sitting, protective responses, heand eye coordination, visual tracking and attention
Positive Support Reflex 35 weeks gestation to 2 mo; interferes with: standing and walking; balance reactions and weight shift in standing, plantar flexion contractures
Walking (Stepping) Reflex 38 weeks to 2 mo; Supported standing with feet flat, reciprocal flexion and extension of LE's; interferes with: standing, walking, balance reactions, weight shifting, smooth walking
Created by: ashleighobrien