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Antihistamines

Allergy and Asthma Medications

QuestionAnswer
Cetirizine Hcl (Zyrtec) side effects Drowsiness, fatigue, dry mouth, stomach pain, diarrhea, vomiting
Cetirizine Hcl (Zyrtec) uses Relief of seasonal or perennial allergic rhinitis
Cetirizine Hcl (Zyrtec) nursing considerations Avoid alcohol
Fexofenadine (Allegra) side effects Drowsiness, headache, dizziness, diarrhea, vomiting, pain, cough, hives, rash, itching, difficulty breathing, hoarseness, swelling
Fexofenadine (Allegra) uses Management of rhinitis, allergy symptoms, chronic idiopathic urticaria
Fexofenadine (Allegra) nursing considerations Avoid alcohol, CNS depressants, take aluminum magnesium antacid a few hours before or after
Fexofenadine (Allegra) dosage 60mg tab: o 1h, p 2-3h, d 12h 180mg tab: d 24h
Hydroxyzine (Anx, Atarax, Vistaril) side effects Drowsiness, dry mouth/nose/throat, dizziness, headache, chest congestion, reddening of skin
Hydroxyzine (Anx, Atarax, Vistaril) uses Treatment of pruritus (itching), pre-op anxiety, post-op nausea/vomiting, potentiate opioid analgesics, sedation, alcohol withdrawal symptoms
Hydroxyzine (Anx, Atarax, Vistaril) nursing considerations Avoid alcohol, CNS depressants
Hydroxyzine (Anx, Atarax, Vistaril) dosage PO: o 15-30m, d 4-6h
Loratadine (Alavert, Claritin) side effects Headache, dry mouth, epistaxis (nosebleed), sore throat, diarrhea, rash, nervousness, weakness, stomach pain, wheezing, dysphagia, dyspnea, hives, swelling of face/extremities, hoarseness, mouth sores, insomnia
Loratadine (Alavert, Claritin) uses Management of seasonal rhinitis
Loratadine (Alavert, Claritin) nursing considerations Avoid alcohol, CNS depressants, take on empty stomach 1h before or 2h after meals
Loratadine (Alavert, Claritin) dosage O 1-3h, p 8-12h, d ≥24h
Created by: biteyourrhymez
 

 



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