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Pharm. Abb. MBC 100

Language of Medicine Chapter 21 Pharmacology Abbreviation

a.c. or ac before meals (before chow)
ACE angiotensin-converting enzyme; lowers blood pressure by dilating blood vessels. Block the conversion of angiotensin I to angiotensin II.
ad lib freely, as desired
APAP acetometophen (Tylenol)
ARB angiotensin II receptor blocker; lowers blood pressure by preventing angiotensin from acting on receptors in blood vessels.
b.i.d. or bid two times per day
c with
Caps capsules
cc cubic centimeters
FDA United States Food and Drug Administration; government agency having the legal responsibility for enforcing proper drug manufacture and clinical use.
gm or g gram
gtt drops
h hour
h.s. or hs at bedtime
H2 blocker Histamine H2 receptor antagonist; turn off histamine, a contributor to stomach acid secretion.
HRT hormone replacement therapy; replace or boost levels of endogenous hormones
IM intramuscular; within the muscle
INH isoniazid-antituberculosis agent; TB is a chronic and often drug-resistant infection cause by a fungus
IV intravenous
MAOI monomine oxidase inhibitor; increase the length of time neurotransmitters work by blocking monomine oxidase, an enzyme that normally inactivates neurotransmitter.
mg milligram
ml or mL milliliter
NPO nothing by mouth (per os)
NSAID nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug; act on tissues to inhibit prostaglandins (hormone-like substances that sensitize peripheral pain receptors).
p after (post)
p.c. pc after meals (post chow)
PCA patient-controlled analgesia
PDR Physicians' Desk Reference
PO, p.o., or po by mouth (per os)
p.r.n or prn as needed
Pt or pt patient
q every
q.h. or qh every hour
q2h every 2 hours
q.i.d or qid four times per day
q.s. or qs sufficient quantity
qAM every morning
qPM every evening
Rx prescription
s without
SERM selective estrogen receptor modulator
Sig. directions how to take medication
SL sublingual; under the tongue
s.o.s. if it is necessary
SSRI selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor
subQ subcutaneous
tab tablet
TCA tricyclic antidepressant
t.i.d. or tid three times per day
Created by: Momster



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