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drug classifications

ch 30 clinical 1

classificationDefinitionexample of drug
anesthetic produces a lack of feeling Novacaine(procaine) Xylocaine(lidocaine)
antacid neutralizes stomach acid Prilosec Nexium
antianginal relieves the symptoms of angina (chest pain) Nitrostat (nitroglycerin)
antianxiety relieves anxiety and muscle relaxer Xanax(alprazolam) Valium(diazepam)
antiarrhythmic controls cardiac arrhythmias Lopressor(metoprolol) Procan(procainamide)
antibiotic inhibits or destroys bacteria Amoxil(amoxicillin) Z Pac(azithromycin)
anticoagulant prevents or delays blood clotting Coumadin(warfarin) Dicumarol(heparin) Lovenox(enoxaparin sodium)
antidepressant prevents or relieves symptoms of depression Wellbutrin(bupropion) Effexor (venlafaxine)
antidiabetic helps lower or control blood sugar levels Micronase (glyburide) Glucophage (metformin)
antiemetic counteracts nausea and vomiting Zofran (ondansetron) Compazine (Prochlorperazine)
antifungal kills or prevents the growth of yeast and fungi Monostat(miconazole) Diflucan (fluconazole)
antihistamine counteracts effects of histamine; used with allergic reactions Benedryl(diphenhydramine) Zyrtec(centirizine)
antihyperlipidemic lowers cholesterol Lipitor (atorvastatin) Zocor (simvastatin)
antihypertensive reduces high blood pressure; htn(hypertension) Norvasc(amlodipine) Microzide (hydochlorothiazide/HCTZ)
antimanic treats manic disorders/ bipolar Eskalith(lithium) Abiliy(aripiprazole)
antimigraine relieves the symptoms of a migraine Imitrex(sumatriptan)
antipsychotic treats schizophrenia and other brain disorders Seroquel(quetiapine) Zyprexa(olanzapine)
antitussive relieves a cough Benylin(cough syrup with codiene) Robitussin
antiviral works against a viral infection Tamiflu(oseltamivir) Zovirax(acyclovir)
bronchodilator eases breathing by dilating the bronchial tubes Proventil(albuterol) Atrovent(ipratropium)
cardiac glycoside strengthens heart muscles; increases contractility Lanoxin(digoxin)
Central Nervous stimulant treats ADD Adderall(amphetamine-dextroamphetamine) Ritalin (methylphenidate)
corticosteroid treats inflammation Cortone(cortisone) Decadron(dexamethasone) Prendisone
decongestant relieves nasal congestion Sudafed (pseudoepedrine)
diuretic increases urine output Lasix(furosemide)
immunosuppressant supresses immune system (RA and transplant pts) Prograf
miotic contracts the pupil of the eye Miostat
mydriatic dilates the pupil of the eye Neo-Synephrine
muscle relaxant relaxes the skeletal muscles Flexaril(cyclobenzaprine) Robaxin(methocarbamol)
NSAID non-steroidal antiinflammatory drug treats fever; pain and reduces swelling Motril/Advil(ibuprofen) Alieve(naprosyn)
sedative; hypnotic treats insomnia; produces a calming effect Ambien(zolpidem) Lunesta
antipyretic reduces fever acetaminophen; ibuprophen
anitpruretic relieves itching hydralazine
analgesic relieves pain Tylenol(acetaminophen) Vicodin(hydrocodone) Percocet
Created by: clarevoyant1019