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Farmakologi

Neuromuskulære blokerende lægemidler

QuestionAnswer
Neuromuskulære blokkere virkningsmekanisme De binder til de nikotine receptorer på den motoriske endeplade og giver muskellammelse ved at hæmme virkningen af Ach.
Neuromuskulære blokkere indikationer Anvendes til muskelafslapning, sprayes f.eks. i trachea før intubering, benyttes til ortopædkirurgi, til øjenoperationer og til at reducere dosis af sedative midler i balanceret anæstesi.
Hvordan virker administration af neostigmin på en motorisk endeplade som er påvirket af hhv. d-tubocurarin og suxametonium? Ved administration samtidig med d-tubocurarin vil Ach kunne have effekt igen og muskellammelsen aftager, hvorimod den persisterer og endda i nogle tilfælde forstærkes ved administration samtidig med suxametonium.
Hvad er forskellen på d-tubocurarin og suxametonium? d-tubocurarin er en non-depolariserende kompetitiv inhibitor, mens suxametonum er en depolariserende non-kompetitiv inhibitor. Derudover så nedbrydes suxametonium af Achkolinesteraser.
Hvad skal man huske når man administrerer suxametonium til heste og grise? De har naturligt en høj koncentration af Achkolinesteraser i plasma og derfor skal der en højere dosis af suxametonium til for at give muskellammelse hos disse end hos andre dyr.
Created by: IdaH
 

 



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