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GI Pharm

QuestionAnswer
React with gastric acid to produce neutral salts or salt of low acidity Antacids
Inactivate pepsin and enhance mucosal protection but do not coat the ulcer crater Antacids
These medications should be taken on a regular schedule; some are prescribed to be taken 1 and 3 hours after each meal and t bedtime Antacids
To provide maximum benefit, treatment should elevate the gastric pH above 5 Antacids
Tablets should be chewed thoroughly and followed with a glass of water or milk Antacids
Liquid preparations should be shaken before dispensing Antacids
An anti-secretory medication that enhances mucosal defenses Misoprostol (Cytotec)
Suppresses secretion of gastric acid and maintains submucosal blood flow by promoting vasodilation Misoprostol (CYtotec)
Used to prevent gastric ulcers caused by non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications and aspirin Misoprostol (cytotec)
Administered with meals Misoprostol (cytotec)
Causes diarreha and abdominal pain Misoprotol (Cytotec)
Contraindicated for use in pregnancy Misoprotol (Cytotec)
Creates a protective barrier against acid and pepsin Sucralfate (Carafate)
Administered orally should be taken on an empty stomach Sucralfate (Carafate)
May cause constipation Sucralfate (Carafate)
May impede absorption of warfarin, Dilantin, Lanoxin, and some antibiotics Should be administered at least 2 hours apart from these meds Sucralfate (Carafate)
Suppress secretion of gastric acid H2 Blocker
Alleviate symptoms of heartburn and assist in preventing complications of peptic ulcer disease H2 Blocker
Prevent stress ulcers and reduce recurrence of all ulcers H2 Blocker
Are contraindicated in HTN clients H2 Blocker
Should be used with caution in clients with impaired renal or hepatic function H2 Blocker
Can be administered orally IM or IV Cimetidine ( Tagamet)
Food reduces the rate of absorption' if taken with meals, absorption rate will be slowed Cimetidine (tagamet)
IV admin can cause hypotension and dystrhymias Cimetidine (Tagamet)
Antacids can decrease the oral absorption of this med Cimetidine (Tagamet)
These and antacids should be administered at least 1 hour apart Cimetidine (tagamet)
It passes through the blood-brain barrier, and CNS it may cause confusion, agitation, psychosis depression, anxiety, and disorientation, Cimetidine (Tagamet)
Dosage should be reduced in clients with renal impairment Cimetidine (Tagamet)
Created by: odessafh