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Chapter 13

Understanding Psychology by Richard A. Kasschau, Ph.D.

reliability the ability of a test to give the same results under similar conditions
validity the ability of a test to measure what it is intended to measure
percentile system ranking of test scores that indicates the ratio of scores lower and higher than a given score
norms standard of comparison for test results developed by giving the test to large, well-defined groups of people
intelligence the ability to acquire new ideas and new behavior, and to adapt to new situations
two-factor theory proposes that two factors contribute to an individual's intelligence
triarchic theory proposes that intelligence can be divided into three ways of processing information
emotional intelligence includes four major aspects of interpersonal and intrapersonal intelligences
intelligence quotient (IQ) standardized measure of intelligence based on a scale in which 100 is average
heritability the degree to which a characteristic is related to inherited genetic factors
cultural bias an aspect of an intelligence test in which the wording used in questions may be more familiar to people of one social group than to another group
aptitude test estimates the probability that a person will be successful in learning a specific new skill
achievement test measures how much a person has learned in a given subject or area
interest inventory measures a person's preferences and attitudes in a wide variety of activities to identify areas of likely success
personality test assesses an individual's characteristics and identifies problems
objective test a limited-or forced-choice test in which a person must select one of several answers
projective test an unstructured test in which a person is asked to respond freely, giving his or her own interpretation of various ambiguous stimuli
Created by: yojava
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