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milady chapter 10

properties and disorders of the skin

Definition Term
Skin disorder characterized by inflammation of the sebaceous glands Acne
Congenital leukoderma or absence of melanin pigment of the body, including skin, hair, eyes Albinism
Lack of perspiration, can result in fever or certain skin diseases Anhidrosis
Dry scaly skin due to lack of sebum; caused by old age and exposure to cold. Asteatosis
Most common and least severe type of skin cancer Basal cell carcinoma
Foul smelling perspiration, usually armpits and feet Bromhidrosis
Large blister containing a watery fluid Bulla
Condition characterized by increased pigmentation on the skin, in spots that are not elevated Chloasma
Fibrous protein that gives skin form and strength Collagen
Blackheads Comedones
Dead cells that form over a wound while it's healing Crust
The epidermis Cuticle or scarf skin
Abnormal sac containing fluid above and below the skin Cyst
Other four names for dermis Derma, corium, cutis, true skin
Inflammatory condition of the skin Dermatitis
Skin infections caused by contact with substances such as chemicals and tints Dermatitis venenata
A medical skin specialist Dermatologist
Study of skin, its structures, functions, diseases, and treatments Dermatology
Underlying or inner layer of skin Dermis.
Inflammatory, painful itching disease of the skin, dry or moist lesions Eczema.
Protein base Similar to collagen that forms elastic tissue Elastin
Outermost layer of the skin Epidermis
Specialists in cleansing and beautification of the skin Esthetician
Skin sore produced by scraping or scratching Excoriation
Crack in the skin such as chapped hands or lips Fissure
Fundus
Coiled base of sudoriferous (sweat) gland
Fever blister or cold sore Herpes Simplex
Excessive sweating Hyperhidrosis
Abnormal growth on skin Hypertrophy
Keloid
Thick scar from excessive growth of fibrous tissue
Thick patch of epidermis known as callous Keratoma
Freckles Lentigines
Skin disorder characterized by light abnormal patches Leukoderma
Thick scar resulting from excessive growth of fibrous tissue
Small discolored patch; freckle Macula
Most serious form of skin cancer Malignant melanoma
Pigment in the germinativum layer of the epidermis and papillary layer of the dermis Melanin
White heads Millia
Miliaria rubra
Prickly heat; inflammatory disorder of the sweat glands
Small, brownish spot on the skin Mole
Small or large malformation of the skin due to abnormal pigmentation or dilated capillaries Nevus
Directly beneath the epidermis and contains cone shaped projections of elastic tissues Papillary layer
Pimple Papule
Skin disease characterized by red patches, silvery scales found on elbows, scalp, knees, chest and lower back Psoriasis
Inflamed pimple with pus Pustule
Supplies skin with oxygen Reticular layer
Redness, dilation of the blood vessels, pustules and papules on the nose and cheek area Rosacea
Epidermal flakes, dry or oily, such as abnormal or excessive dandruff Scale
Light colored, slightly raised mark on the skin formed after an injury or lesion Scar
Oil glands Sebaceous glands
Skin condition caused by abnormal secretion from the sebaceous glands Seborrhea
Type of skin cancer more serious than basal cell carcinoma, scaly red papules or nodules Squamous cell carcinoma
Brown or wine colored skin discoloration Stain
Sebaceous cyst or fatty tumor Steatoma
Clear layer of epidermis Stratum lucidum
Horny, outer layer of the epidermis Stratum corneum
Deepest layer of the epidermis, responsible for growth Stratum germinativum
Granular layer of the epidermis Stratum granulosum
Fatty layer, supplies skin with oxygen and nutrients Subcutaneous layer
Sweat glands Sudoriferous glands
Change of pigmentation of the skin caused by exposure to the sun and ultraviolet rays Tan
The skin
Prickly heat; inflammatory disorder of the sweat glands
Abnormal rounded, solid lump above,within, or below the skin Tubercle
Largest organ of the body
Abnormal cell mass, varying in size, shape and color Tumor
Open lesion on the skin of the body accompanied by pus and loss of skin depth Ulcer
Small blisters or sac containing clear fluid Vesicle
Milky white spots ( leukoderma) of the skin Vitiligo
Itchy swollen lesion that last only a few hours; insect bite Wheal
Created by: teresadl
 

 



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