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Chapter 12

Understanding Psychology by Richard A. Kasschau, Ph.D.

motivation an internal state that activates behavior and directs it toward a goal
instincts innate tendencies that determine behavior
need biological or psychological requirement of an organism
drive a state of tension produced by a need that motivates an organism toward a goal
homeostasis the tendency of all organisms to correct imbalances and deviations from their normal state
incentive an external stimulus, reinforcer, or reward that motivates behavior
extrinsic motivation engaging in activities that either reduce biological needs or help us obtain external incentives
intrinsic motivation engaging in activities because they are personally rewarding or because they fulfill our beliefs and expectations
lateral hypothalamus (LH) the part of the hypothalamus that produces hunger signals
ventromedial hypothalamus (VMH) the part of the hypothalamus that can cause one to stop eating
fundamental needs biological drives that must be satisfied to maintain life
psychological needs the urge to belong and to give and receive love, and the urge to acquire esteem
self-actualization needs the pursuit of knowledge and beauty or whatever else is required for the realization of one's unique potential
emotion a set of complex reactions to stimuli involving subjective feelings, physiological arousal, and observable behavior
Created by: yojava
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