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Tidbits

Picky numbers/parameters to study for NPTAE

QuestionAnswer
Weight bearing status for THA & TKA post-op. cemented: WBAT non-cemented/(hybrid): TTWB for 6 wks.
3 Stages of Tissue healing Inflammation, Proliferation, Maturation
Time frame for each stage of Tissue healing Inflammation: day 1-6, Proliferation: day 3-20, Maturation: day 9+...
Avg. Cardiac Output @ rest (for males) 5.6 L/min
Cardiac Output formula CO= SV (x) HR
Normal SaO2 95-98% (<90% is dangerous)
Normal pH (arterial blood) 7.35-7.45
Metabolic Acidosis <7.35
Metabolic Alkalosis >7.45
Normal Cholesterol <200 mg/dL
Target HR (how to calculate) 220-age
Cancer pts. should be exercising @ what % of their VO2 max? 40-65%
(lung volumes) TV= 500
(lung volumes) ERV= 1,000
(lung volumes) VC= ~4,500
(lung volumes) IC= ~3,500
For ARTERIAL insufficiency, it is better to... (raise the HEAD or FEET)? raise the HEAD
For VENOUS insufficiency, it is better to... (raise the HEAD or FEET)? raise the FEET
(Wounds: what's going on in tissue & how to treat) RED healthy tissue; keep moist
(Wounds: what's going on in tissue & how to treat) YELLOW slough; debride necrotic tissue; absorb exudate
(Wounds: what's going on in tissue & how to treat) BLACK eschar; debride necrotic tissue
(Ulcer Staging) Stage I skin intact
(Ulcer Staging) Stage II epidermis/dermis affected; abrasion, shallow crater
(Ulcer Staging) Stage III subcutaneous tiss., fascia; deep crater
(Ulcer Staging) Stage IV DEEP bone, tissue, etc.
(Types of burns) Superficial Sunburn
(Types of burns) Superficial Partial Thickness PAIN!
(Types of burns) Deep Partial Thickness Scarring (nerves affected= less pain)
(Types of burns) Full Thickness Eschar & grafts
(Types of burns) Subdermal Surgery
(Rule of 9's, give %) Anterior Head (Adult/Child) 4.5%/9%
(Rule of 9's, give %) Head (Adult/Child) 9%/18%
(Rule of 9's, give %) Right Anterior Arm 4.5%
(Rule of 9's, give %) Bilateral Posterior Arms 9%
(Rule of 9's, give %) Bilateral Arms 18%
(Rule of 9's, give %) Anterior Torso 18%
(Rule of 9's, give %) Torso 36%
(Rule of 9's, give %) Genitals 1%
(Rule of 9's, give %) Left Posterior Leg (adult/child) 9%/7%
(Rule of 9's, give %) Bilateral Anterior Legs (Adult/child) 18%/14%
(Rule of 9's, give %) Bilateral legs (adult/child) 36%/28%
Intermittent Compression Pump= On:Off time 3:1
Intermittent Compression Pump= inflation 40-100 seconds
Intermittent Compression Pump= deflation 10-35 seconds
Intermittent Compression Pump= pressure 30-80 mmHg
Intermittent Compression Pump= rule for pressure should NOT exceed pt's diastolic BP
Intermittent Compression Pump= treatment time 2-4 hrs
Mechanical Traction: treatment time 5-20 min
Cervical Mechanical traction: angle of neck flexion 30 degrees
Cervical mechanical traction: starting wt. 10-15 lbs
Cervical mechanical traction: % of body wt. 7%
Lumbar mechanical traction: starting wt. 25-50 lbs
Lumbar mechanical traction: % of body wt. 50%
1 lb.= __ kg 2.2 kg
Hydrotherapy (temperatures): inflammation 32-79 F
Hydrotherapy (temperatures): exercise (normally) 79-92 F
Hydrotherapy (temperatures): wounds; spasticity 92-96 F
Hydrotherapy (temperatures): burns; cardiopulm. issues 96-98 F
Hydrotherapy (temperatures): pain 99-104 F
Hydrotherapy (temperatures): increase ROM; OA; RA 104-110 F
Created by: s1234