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STUDY GUIDE CH. 15

Study material

TermDefinition
5 neurotransmitters Dopamine, epinephrine, norepinephrine, acetylcholine & serotonin
2 branches of autonomic system Parasympathetic & sympathetic
Frontal lobe Controls motor functions, parts of speech, emotions, problem solving, reasoning & planning
Temporal lobe Important in receiving & integrating auditory stimuli and regulating emotion, personality & behavior
Parietal lobe Important in orientation, recognition, sensation & understading language
Occipital lobe Important in control of perception & interpretation related to vision
Thalamus The relay station involved in the transmission of messages being sent between the brain and the spinal cord
Cerrebellum Responsible for precise movements, such as maintaining balance, posture & coordinating movement
4 protective mechanisms of the CNS Blood brain barrier, vertebral column, meninges & cerebrospinal fluid
3 parts of brainstem Medulla oblongata, midbrain (mesencephalon) & pons
3 types of nerve transmissions Depolarization, repolarization, polarization
Depolarization Changes the negative charges inside the cell to positive
Polarization Resting state with negative charges inside that consists of Potassium (positive charge) & Chloride (negative charge)
Repolarization Transports the sodium out of the cell & allows the potassium to reenter the cell, bringing it back to the resting stage
Left side of brain is used for Creativity
Right side of brain Logical thinking
Cerebrum (cerebral cortex) Largest part of the brain
Tonic-clonic seizures Seizures in which the entire brain is affected (AKA tonic-clonic seizures)
Status epilepticus Back to back epileptic seizures in which consciousness is difficult to or not obtain
Efferent Motor
Afferent Sensory
Somatic system Skeletal muscle
Autonomic system Smooth muscle
Partial seizure Seizure that affects only on part of the brain
Petit mal seizures Least violent seizures
Grand mal seizures Longer and more intense seizures
Absence seizures Seizures that involve brief sudden lapses in attention
Akinetic seizures Seizures that consist of a brief lapse in muscle tone
Mycolonic seizures Brief shock like jerks of muscle or group of muscles
Created by: xalasia
 

 



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